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Soft Tissue II

terminology and definitions for soft tissue injuries

QuestionAnswer
To control profuse bleeding resulting from an injury caused by an impaled object position your gloved hand on either side of the the object and exert downward pressure.
If a patient has an impaled object in the eye, use a combination of 4X4s and a paper cup
Avulsed parts torn from the body should be wrapped and placed in a plastic bag on top of a sealed bag of ice
The most effective treatment for an amputation is to place a snug pressure dressing over the stump.
To treat a neck laceration, use this type of bandage. occlusive
When applying pressure to a neck wound, be careful not to compress both carotids at the same time
A car driver pitches forward after a head on collision and strikes her chest on the steering wheel. This is an example of: compression injury
An injury with an entrance and exit is a: perforating puncture
Treatment for an open chest wound includes: maintaining an open airway, administering high concentration oxygen, sealing the open wound.
Air trapped in the chest cavity can: put pressure on the heart and lungs, reduce cardiac output, affect the oxygenation of blood.
Trachial deviation to the uninjured side, distended neck veins, and uneven chest wall movement are signs of: pneumothorax or tension pneumothorax
Distended neck veins, bloodshot bulging eyes, and head/neck/shoulders that appear dark blue are signs of: traumatic asphyxia
Partially digested blood that is vomited looks like coffee grounds
Signs of an abdominal injury include: lacerations & puncture wounds to the lower back, large bruised area on the abdomen, indications of developing shock
Symptoms of an abdominal injury include: cramps, nausea, thirst
What positioning is used for a person with an abdominal injury? supine- with legs flexed at knees
When covering an exposed abdominal organ, what type of dressing should be applied to the wound site? a saline moistened dressing
In addition to physical damage, many burn patients also suffer from emotional and psychological problems
This type of burn only involved the epidermis. superficial, 1st degree
This type of burn results in deep intense pain, blisters, and mottled skin. partial-thickness, 2nd degree
This type of burn poses a risk of severe internal injuries. electrical burn
This type of burn may remain on the skin and continue burning for hours. chemical burn
This type of burn may involve airway injury. burn to the face
This type of burn may interrupt circulation to distal tissues. circumferential
A burn the size of 5 palms would cover approximately this % of the body area. 5%
Patients under the age of ___ and over the age of ___ have the most severe body responses to burns. under 5, over 55
A partial-thickness burn that involves less than 15% of the body surface is classified as: minor
A partial-thickness burn that involves between 15% and 30% of the body surface is classified as: (10%-20% for children) moderate
A partial-thickness burn that involves more than 30% of the body surface is classified as: critical
A patient weith a partial-thickness burn to their entire back should be wrapped in a dry, sterile burn sheet.
Primary care for a patient with a chemical burn is to wash away the chemical with flowing water.
If _____ ________ is the burn agent, brush it from the patient's skin and flush with water. dry lime
Created by: UBEMT