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Soft Tissue I

terminology and definitions for soft tissue injuries

Scrape or scratch in which the outer layer of the skin is damaged, but not all the layers are penetrated. abrasion
Air bubble in the bloodstream. air embolus
Surgical removal or traumatic severing of a body part, usually and extremity. amputation
Flap of skin or other loose tissue torn loose or pulled off completely. Example- tip of nose torn off. avulsion
Any material used to hold a dressing in place. bandage
Internal injury in which there is no pathway from the outside to the injured site- usually the result of impact from a blunt object. closed wound
Bruise. contusion
Injury caused when force is transmitted from the body's exterior to its internal structures. Can cause rupture or bleeding of internal organs. crush injury
Layer of skin found below the epidermis; it is rich in blood vessels, nerves, and specialized structures such as sweat glands, sebaceous (oil) glands and hair follicles. Involved with senses of touch, cold, heat, and pain. dermis
Any material used to cover a wound in an effort to control bleeding and help prevent additional contamination. dressing
Outer layer of the skin, composed of dead cells which are rubbed off and constantly replaced. epidermis
Intestine or other internal organ protruding through a wound in the abdomen. evisceration
Burn in which all the layers of the skin are damaged; 3rd degree burn. full-thickness burn
Swelling caused by the collection of blood under the skin or in damaged tissues as a result of an injured or broken blood vessel. hematoma
Cut that can be smooth or jagged, caused by a sharp edged object like a razor blade or broken glass. laceration
Any dressing that forms an air-tight seal. occlusive dressing
Injury in which the skin is interrupted or broken, exposing the tissue underneath. open wound
Burn in which the epidermis is burned through and the dermis is damaged, 2nd degree burn. partial-thickness burn
Open wound caused by a sharp pointed object that tears through the skin and destroys underlying tissues. puncture wound
Method for estimating the extent of a burn area in which areas on the body are assigned certain percentages of the body's total surface area. rule of nines
Method for estimating the extent of a burn area; the palm of a patient's hand, which equals 1% of the body's surface area, is compared with the burn to estimate its size. rule of palm
Layers of fat and soft tissue found beneath the dermis. Absorb shock and insulate. subcutaneous layers
Open chest wound in which air is drawn into the chest cavity. sucking chest wound
Burn that involves only the epidermis, the outer layer of the skin, 1st degree burn. superficial burn
Large, bulky dressing. universal dressing
Skin, fatty tissue, muscles, blood vessels, fibrous tissues, nerves, membranes and glands are examples of soft tissues
The priority in treating severe open wounds is to control bleeding
Burns around the entry wound, injection of air into tissues, and damage to underlying tissue can be caused by this type of weapon gun fired at close range
If caring for a patient with an impaled object in their leg you should leave the object in place, stabilize the object, and use direct pressure.
Signs of an abdominal injury include: pain, cramps, nausea, weakness, thirst, lacerations, puncture wounds, blunt trauma, indications of developing shock, vomiting blood, rigid/tender/distended abdomen, lie still with legs drawn up
Parts of the body that account for 9% each in the rule of nines head/neck, each upper extremity, chest, abdomen, upper back, lower back/buttocks, front of each lower extremity, back of each lower extremity
signs and symptoms of an electrical injury burns where energy enters/exits,paralysis, respiratory arrest, irregular heartbeat/cardiac arrest, muscle tenderness/twitch, elevated/low blood pressure/signs of shock, restlessness, loss of consciousness, fractures, dislocations, seizures
Created by: UBEMT