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Poisoning/Overdose

Poisoning and Overdose Terms and Definitions

QuestionAnswer
A substance that can harm the body by altering cell structure or functions. poison
Stimulants, such as amphetamines, that affect the central nervous system to excite the user. uppers
State in which a patient's body reacts severely when deprived of an abused substance. withdrawal
Poisons that are taken into the body through unbroken skin. absorbed poisons
Depressants, such as barbituates, that depress the central nervous system. downers
Poisons that are swallowed. ingested poisons
Class of drugs that affect the nervous system and change many normal body activities; legal use is relief of pain, may produce sleep narcotics
Substance that absorbs many poisons and prevents them from being absorbed by the body. activated charcoal
Thinning down or weakening by mixing with something else. dilution
Severe reaction that can be part of alcohol withdrawal- characterized by sweating, trembling, anxiety, and hallucinations. delirium tremens
Poisons that are breathed in. inhaled poisons
Mind-affecting or mind-altering drugs that act on the central nervous system to produce excitements and distortion of perceptions. These have few legal uses and are dissolved in the mouth. hallucinogens
An empty pill bottle on a bedside table is an example of a ____ clue? environmental
Most of the over 1 million poisonings in the United States yearly are due to: accidents involving young children
A substance secreted by plants, animals, or bacteria that is poisonous to humans. toxin
Botulism is a toxic disease caused by a bacteria
For most poisonous substances, the reaction is more serious in these groups of people. elderly, ill
Examples of inhaled poisons include: carbon monoxide, chlorine, ammonia
Examples of absorbed poisons include: insecticides and agricultural chemicals
Snake bite venom is an _____ poison. injected
It is important to determine WHEN the ingestion of a poison occurred because... different poisons act on the body at different rates
If you suspect poisoning by ingestion, assure the child has a patent airway, then ask the parent for this information. the child's weight
The 2 most common results of poison ingestion are: nausea and vomiting
The difference between activated charcoal and regular charcoal is that activated charcoal has more cracks and crevices.
The decision to use activated charcoal should be made with direction from poison control or medical personnel
Activated charcoal is not routinely used with ingestion of: caustic substances, strong acids, strong alkalis- such as lye, toilet bowl cleaner, oven cleaner
When a physician orders dilution of an ingested substance, you can use water or milk.
The most common inhaled poison is carbon monoxide
As you approach a passed out patient you smell an unusual odor. You should... stand back and attempt to learn more about the chenical involved.
The principal pre-hospital treatment of a patient who has inhaled poison is administering high concentration oxygen
Carbon monoxide affects the body by preventing red blood cells from carrying oxygen normally
A conscious person with suspected carbon monoxide poisoning may have these signs. cyanosis, altered mental state, dizziness
This symptom is not seen with alcohol abuse, but is seen with a diabetic emergency. acetone breath
A person who has mixed alcohol with drugs will have depressed vital signs
When you interview an intoxicated patient, you don't begin by asking if he has taken drugs because... the patient may feel you are accusing him of a crime.
Cleaning fluid, glue, and model cement are examples of volatile chemicals
A patient who has overdosed on an upper may have these symptoms: excitement, increased pulse and breathing rates, dilated pupils, rapid speech
A patient who has overdosed on an downer may have these symptoms: sluggishness, sleepiness, lack of coordination of body and speech
A patient who has overdosed on an hallucinogen may have these symptoms: fast pulse rate, dilated pupils, flushed face, seeing and hearing things
A patient who has overdosed on a narcotic may have these symptoms: reduced pulse rate and depth of breathing, constricted pupils, sweating
Created by: UBEMT