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chp 5 plants

Epidermis The thin outer layer of cells
Moves water and minerals to other parts of the plant Xylem
Phloem carries sugars made in leaves throughout the plant
Stoma small holes that water and gasses pass in and out of the plant through
Guard Cells work together to open and close a leaf's stoma
Transpiration loss of water from the leaf
Some plants have one large root called a taproot with many roots growing out from it
__are taproots that store extra food made by the plant Carrots
__are roots that store water Carrots
Stems provide support for the plant as it grows. The stems also have __ and __ which move __ __ __ throughout the plant xylem and pholeum water,minerals, and glucose
Plants with stems that are green and easy to bend are called__ herbaceous
__ opens and closes a leaf's stoma Guard Cells
Photosynthesis process thorough which plants make glucose
Cellular Respiration process by which cells break down glucose with the release of energy
During photosynthesis plants use __ __ __ and __ to make glucose and oxygen. light energy from the sun,carbon dioxide form the air,and water
Cuticle waxy layer that may cover a leaf and slow water loss
A ___ releases energy and is called the ___ of a cell mitochondria powerhouse
Describe photosynthesis and cellular respiration? Photosynthesis uses the sun, carbon dioxide,and water to make glucose and oxygen. Cellular respiration uses oxygen to break down glucose. This provides energy for the plant.
Tropism plant behavior caused by growth toward or away from something in the environment
Some seeds plants, called ___ produce flowers angiosperms
Most seeds develop into a __ fruit
After fertilization, the female cone closes up and ___ grows within it. seeds
Describe spores? Spores contain a single cell that grows into a new plant and a seed contains a multicellular embryo that develops into a new plant
How do seeds survive? Seeds need a certain temperature,water,and oxygen. If the environment is not right seeds wont germinate and the embryo stays inside the seed.
plant behaviors can result from __ the plants make chemicals
Describe 3 examples of tropism? Gravitropism is a plants response to gravity to which roots grow down and stems grow up. Photo tropism is a response to light and in which stems bend tword light and roots bend away from light. Thigmotropism is plants grow twrod the surface they touch.
Created by: ksandfoss