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OB Final

study guide

QuestionAnswer
Disadvantage of free standing birth centers don’t have adequate technology or medical care readily available
preterm labor less than 36 weeks; contractions every 5-10 minutes lasting for at least 30 seconds and persisting for more than an hour; cervix dilated more than 2.5 cm and 75% effaced
sensitivity to culture cultural competence
sitz baths changes pH of vagina which leads to increased susceptibility to invading pathogens
Gravida number of pregnancies, including current pregnancy
Para number of births after 20 weeks’ gestation, regardless of whether the infants were born alive or dead (multifetal pregnancies are considered a single birth)
Vitamin K injections given in the vastus lateralis to assist in clotting
menstrual pain with endometriosis use of NSAIDS, rest periods, heat, moderate exercise, and a well-balanced diet
tamoxifen blocks estrogen by binding to it; used in treatment of breast cancer
Newborn’s and mother’s health protection act guaranteed a 40 hour hospital stay for normal births and a 96 hour stay after cesarean birth
DSHEA reclassifies herbal medicines as dietary supplements, distinct from food or drugs
ritodrine for tocolysis there is an increased risk of? fluid overload and pulmonary edema, possible myocardial infarction
teaching for female condom handwashing; condom can be placed up to 8 hours before intercourse
reproductive structures that have erectile tissue labia minora and clitoris
hormone stimulating milk production prolactin
PIH in teens young adolescents have immature vascular development in the uterus
NEC acute inflammation of the bowel that leads to necrosis
hormone causing milk ejection oxytocin
acini cells milk producing cells of the breast
number of somatic cells in chromosomes 22 autosomes
Nagele’s rule method for obtaining an EDD; count back 3 months and add 7 days
relationship of genes and chromosomes chromosomes are composed of genes
PKU a metabolic disorder caused by an inborn error of metabolism of the amino acid phenylalanine
Milia tiny white papules or cysts commonly over the bridge of the nose, chin, and cheeks of newborns that disappear in a few weeks
L/S ratio Lecithin/sphingomyelin; a 2:1 ratio indicates fetal lung maturity; 3:1 is desirable for diabetic mother
amniocentesis vs chorionic villus sampling chorionic villus sampling can be done earlier in pregnancy
erythoblastosis fetalis aka isoimmune hemolytic disease, occurs when an Rh-negative mother is pregnant with an Rh-positive fetus and transplacental passage of maternal antibodies occurs
fetal presentations left, right, occiput, sacrum, mentum, anterior, posterior
causes of postpartum hemorrhage uterine atony and laceration; retained placental fragments or subinvolution
uterine atony hypotonic uterus
hematoma a collection of clotted blood in a confined space usually caused by breakage of a blood vessel
Created by: laotracuata