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Allergic Reaction

Allergic Reaction terms and definitions

Red, itchy, possibly raised blotches of the skin; often resulting from an allergic reaction. hives
Severe of life threatening allergic reaction in which the blood vessels dilate, causing a drop in blood pressure and the tissues in the airway swell, interfering with the airway anaphylaxis
Something that causes an allergic reaction. allergen
Hormone produced by the body. As a medication, it constricts blood vessels and dilates respiratory passages and is used to relieve severe allergic reactions. epinephrine
Syringe preloaded with medication that has a spring loaded devide that pushes the needle through the skin when the tip of the device is pressed firmly against the body. auto-injector
The exaggerated response of the body's immune system to any substance. allergic reaction
The first time a person is exposed to an allergen, the person's immune system forms antibodies
The second time a person is exposed to an allergen, the body reacts by difficulty breathing, massive swelling, dilation of blood vessels
Common causes of allergic reactions include: insect stings, eggs, milk, poison ivy, penicillin
Some patients are allergic to this ingredient found in disposable gloves latex
Respiratory signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock: rapid breathing, cough, stridor
Allergic reactions effect the cardiac system by: increasing heart rate, decreasing blood pressure
After administering epinephrine, the EMT should reassess the patient after 2 minutes
If you have a patient who has no history of allergies and is having their first allergic reaction, you should treat for shock and transport immediately
If a patient has an epinephrine auto-injector the EMT should help them take the medication and bring spare auto-injectors along to the hospital
The recommended location for injection with the auto-injector is lateral mid-thigh
Epinephrine injectors come in two different sizes. The child size contains this amount. 0.15 mg
Ten signs and symptoms of allergic reaction or anaphylactic shock- part one itching, hives, flushing, swelling of face/eyes/lips, warm tingling feeling in face/mouth/chest/feet/hands, tightness in throat/chest, cough, rapid breathing/labored /noisy breathing, hoarseness, muffled voice, loss of voice
Ten signs and symptoms of allergic reaction or anaphylactic shock- part two stridor/high pitched wheezing, increased heart rate, decreased blood pressure, itchy/watery eyes, headache, runny nose
Ten signs and symptoms of allergic reaction or anaphylactic shock- part three sense of impending doom, altered mental status, flushed/dry skin, pale/cool/clammy skin, nausea, vomiting, change in vital signs
SAMPLE stands for signs/symptoms, allergies, medication, past medical history, last intake, events leading up to illness
Created by: UBEMT