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DIT neuro pharm quiz

QuestionAnswer
endogenous agonist to mu receptor morphine
endogenous agonist to delta receptor enkephalin
endogenous agonist to kappa receptor dymorphin
opiod cough suppressant commony used with the expectorant guaifenesin dextromethorphan
opioid commonly used in the tx of diarrhea loperamide and diphenoxylate
opioid commonly used in the tx of acute heart failure morphine
opioid receptor antagonist naloxone/naltrexone
non-additive weak opioid agonist tramadol
partial opioid agonist that causes less respiratory depression butorphanol
how is barbiturate overdose managed symptomatically
how is benzo overdose managed flumazenol
IV, a/w hallucinations and bad dreams ketamine
inhaled, SE: neprhotoxic methoxyflurane
IV, most common drug used for endoscopy midazolam and fentanyl
inhaled, SE: convulsions/seizures enflurane
inhaled, SE: hepatotoxic halothane
IV, used for rapid anesthesia induction and short procedures propofol
inhaled, used for rapid anesthesia NO
IV, decreases cerebral blood flow (important in brain surgery) thiopental
IV, does not induce histamine release like morphine fentanyl
High triglyceride content increases risk of pancreatitis with long-term use propofol
agesnts used in the Tx of Parkinson's disease (BALSA) bromocriptine, amantadine, levodopa/carbidopa, selegiline, antimuscarinics
side effects common to most antiepileptics? diplopia, ataxia, sedation, nystagmus, dizziness
toxic SE of phenytoin lupus-like, induced p450, gingival hyperplasia, hirsutism, baby issues, steven-johnson
mechanism of dantrolene prevents release of Ca fro SR of Sk m.
mechanism of local anesthetics? block Na+ channels (preferentially activated ones)
Which nerve fibers are blocked first with local anesthesia? myelinated and small
which drugs can be used to reverse NM blockade? neostigmine (cholinesterase inhibitors)
mechanism of drugs used to treat alzheimers? NMDA receptor antagonists and ACh inhibitors
mechanism of sumatriptan serotonin agonist.
Sumatriptan is contraindicated in which populations? CAD, printzmetal's angina, pregnancy.
Created by: kayjames