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DIT Renal P/P quiz

phys and pharm

QuestionAnswer
Triamterene class K+ sparing
Acetazolamide class carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
hydrochlorothiazide thiazide
bumetanide loop
spironolactone K+ sparing
chlorothiazide thiazide
ethacrynic acid loop (non sulfa)
mannitol osmotic
metolazone thiazide
chlorthalidone thiazide
furosemide loop
amiloride K+ sparing
torsemide loop
acute pulmonary edema loop
idiopathic hypercalciuria (causing calcium stones) thiazide
glaucoma acetazolamide
mild to moderate CHF with expanded ECV loop or thiazide
in conjunction with loop or thiazide diuretics to retain K+ spironolactone
edema a/w nephrotic syndrome loop
increased intracranial pressure mannitol
mild to moderate hypertension thiazide (HCTZ)
hypercalcemia loop
altitude sickness acetazolamide
hyperaldosteronism spironolactone
what is the eqn for renal clearance of any substance? Cl= UV/P
most important actions of Ang II vasoconstriction and increased aldosterone
Site of action of mannitol PCT
site of action of thiazides EDT
substances to estimate GFR inulin, creatinine
substances to estimate RPF PAF
insulin deficiency, beta antagonisits, acidosis, sever exercise, digitalis, potassium sparing diuretics, ACE, hyperosmolarity, cell lysis cause HYPERkalemia
insulin, beta agonists, alkalosis, loops/thiazides, hypoosmolarity, DKA, HF, renal failure cause HYPOkalemia
Created by: kayjames