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Schizophrenia Nursin

chapter 13 terms

akathisia restless movement, pacing, inability to remain still
akinesia complete or partial loss of muscle movement
alogia deficit in both the quantity of speech and the quality of its expression
anhedonia inability to feel pleasure
avolition a psychological state characterized by general lack of desire, drive, or motivation to pursue meaningful goals
catatonia state of unresponsiveness to one's outside environment, usually including muscle rigidity, staring, and inability to communicate
delusion persistent belief that has no basis in reality
derailment thought disorder in which there is a total break in the chain of association between the meaning of thoughts; the connection between the two sequential ideas is apparent neither to the patient nor to the examiner
dystonia involuntary sustained or intermittent muscle contractions that cause twisting and repetitive movements, abnormal postures, or both
flattened affect mask like... severe reduction in emotional expressiveness
grandiose delusion a person's false belief that he or she possesses great wealth, intelligence, or power
hallucination a false sensory perception that seems to be real but for which there is not an actual external stimulus
incoherence without logical or meaningful connection; disjointed; rambling
neologistic word making up a new word, meaning, usage, or phrase
persecutory delusion a person's false belief that someone is plotting against him or her with intent to harm
psychotic term applied to a person suffering from a gross impairment in reality testing that interferes with the ability to meet the ordinary demands of life; the person who is no longer able to perceive what is real and what is fantasy
referential delusion the belief that certain public communications in fact contain specific hidden messages meant for the schizophrenic patient alone
schizophrenia any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
tangentiality differs from circumstantiality in that the person never really gets to the point of the communication; unrelated topics are introduced, and the original discussion is lost.
tardive dyskinesia involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target D2 dopamine receptors
word salad incoherent mixture of words and phrases that seem totally unrelated
Created by: rkasiejka27