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DIT endocrine basics

stimulates bone and muscle growth GH (->IGF-1)
stimulates milk production and secretion prolactin
stimulates milk secretion during lactation oxytocin
responsible for female secondary sex characteristics estrogen
stimulates metabolic activity thyroid hormone
increases blood glucose level and decreases protein synthesis cortisol (glucocorticoids)
responsible for male secondary sex characteristics testosterone
prepares endometrium for implantation/maintenance of pregnancy progesterone
stimulates adrenal cortex to synthesize and secrete cortisol ACTH
stimulates follicle maturation in females and spermatogenesis in males FSH
increases plasma calcium, increases bone resorption PTH
decreases plasma calcium, increases bone formation calcitonin
stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone synthesis in males LH
stimulates thyroid to produce TH and uptake iodine TSH
Anterior pituitary GH
thyroid TH
zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex glucocorticoids
ovaries, placenta progesterone
ant pit prolactin
paraventricular nuclei of hypothalamus, stored in post pit oxytocin
heart ANH
alpha cells of the pancreas glucagon
zona reticularis of the adrenal cortex, testis, ovaries testosterone
Ant pit FSH, TSH, LH, ACTH
supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus, stored in posterior pituitary ADH (vasopressin)
parafollicular C cells of the thyroid Calcitonin
adrenal medulla - chromaffin cells Epinephrine and norepinephrine
beta cells of the pancreas insulin
ovaries estradiol
placenta estriol
fat cells estone
testis estrogen in males
parathyroid PTH
D cells of the pancreas Somatostatin
Zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex mineralocorticoids (aldosterone)
50 yo with double vision, amenorrhea and HA prolactinoma
MRI shows replacement of tissue in sella turcica with CSF. empty sella syndrome
what hormones arise frrom the ant pit? FSH, LH, ACTH, TSH, MSH, PRL, GH
which hormones share a common alpha subunit FSH, TSH, LH, hCG
Created by: kayjames



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