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DIT female repro

female reproduction quiz

What do theca cells make that granulosa cells don't? ANDROSTENEDIONE because they have 17 hydroxylase
What do granulosa cells do? they steal androstenedione from theca cell and use aromatase to convert it to ESTRADIOL
What are the target cells of LH Theca cells
What are the target cells of FSH Granulosa cells
production of thick mucus that inhibits entry of sperm into the uterus progesterone
induces LH surge estrogen
uterine smooth muscle relaxation progesterone
follicle growth estrogen
maintenance of pregnancy progesterone
hepatic synthesis of transport proteins estrogen
withdrawal leads to menstruation progesterone
what drug would you give to inhibit prolactic secretion? dopamine
when does beta hCG appear in the urine during pregnancy? 2 weeks after conception (4 weeks after LMP)
what hormonal changes are seen during menopause? decreased estrogen d2 increased FSH, LH and GNRH
What is the underlying cause of PCOS? increased LH leads to increased androgens leads to increased estrogens
Clinical manifestations of PCOS acne, hirsutism, amenorrhea, infertility, Obesity, Insulin resistance
Treatment of PCOS Gonadotropin analogs, OCPs, clomiphene, spironolactone, metformin
produces AFP yolk sac tumor
estrogen secreting, causes precocious puberty follicular cyst
intraperitoneal accumulation of mucinous material mucinous cystadenoma
testosterone secreting, causes virilization sertoli-leydig
psammoma bodies serous cystadenocarcinoma
multiple different tissue types teratoma
lined with fallopian tube-like epithelium serous cystadenoma
ovarian tumor + ascites + hydrothorax (meigs) fibromas
call-exner bodies granulosa cell tumor
resembles bladder epithelium brenner tumor
elevated beta-hCG choriocarcinoma, dysgerminoma
risk factors for endometrial carcinoma hypoplasia, increased estrogen, PCOS, obesity, unopposed HRT, age, tumor
risk factors for ovarian cancer family history, ovulation
risk factors for cervical cancer exposure to HPV
Created by: kayjames



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