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Personality Disorders

QuestionAnswer
What is personality? The pattern in which we perceive, relate to, and think about ourselves, those around us, and our overall environment
What is a personality disorder? Behavior that continually creates and perpetuates upset, confusion, chaos, or conflict for themselves and those around them
What is the criteria in order for something to be classified as a personality disorder? An enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from expectations of individual’s culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment
What are Cluster A personality disorders? *Odd and eccentric individuals; *Paranoid *Schizotypal Personality Disorder *Schizoid Personality Disorder
What is Schizotypal Personality disorder? *Acute discomfort in close relationship *Cognitive or perceptual distortions *Eccentricities of behavior
What is Schizoid Personality Disorder? *Do not desire social relationships *Detach from the social setting *Restricted range of emotion
What are Cluster B personality disorders? *Dramatic, emotional, erratic, intense individuals; *Antisocial Personality Disorder *Narcissistic Personality Disorder *Borderline Personality Disorder *Histrionic Personality Disorder
What is Antisocial Personality Disorder? *Disregard for others *Violation of the rights of others *Lack conscience *Demonstrate behaviors against societal norms *Believe laws and rules do not apply to them
What is Narcissistic Personality Disorder? *Grandiosity: ego centric *Need for admiration *Lack of empathy for others
What is Borderline Personality Disorder? *Instability in interpersonal relationship *Instability with self-image *Unstable affect *Impulsitivity
What is Histrionic Personality Disorder? *Excessive emotionally *Attention seeking behaviors *Very dramatic *Often characterized by sexually seductive or provocative behaviors *Easily influenced by others
What are Cluster C personality disorders? *Anxious and fearful individuals; *Avoidant Personality Disorder *Dependent Personality Disorder *Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) *Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
What is Avoidance Personality Disorder? *Social inhibition *Feelings of inadequacy *Hypersensitivity to negative evaluation
What is Dependent Personality Disorder? *Submissive and clinging *Excessive need to be taken care of *Difficulty making decisions independently
What is Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)? *Preoccupation with orderliness *Perfectionism *Preoccupation with mental/personal control
What is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)? Recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses or images – repetitive behaviors
What falls under 'Personality disorder not otherwise specific (NOS)'? *Meet main criteria but do not fall under any one of disorders of Cluster A, B, or C *Combination of traits and behavioral manifestations from two or more personality disorder
Created by: Shanejqb