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achalasia incomplete LES relaxation, increased LES tone, and lack of peristalsis
cachectic Weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness
chancre painless ulcer
diffuse esophageal spasm uncoordinated contractions of the esophagus occur
dysphagia condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful
hiatal hernia protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm.
lithotripsy A treatment, typically using ultrasound shock waves, by which a kidney stone or other calculus is broken into small particles
malocclusion Imperfect positioning of the teeth when the jaws are closed
parotitis Inflammation of a parotid gland, esp. (infectious parotitis) mumps
sialadenitis inflammation of the salivary glands
stomatitis Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
thrush 2.Infection of the mouth and throat, producing whitish patches, caused by a yeastlike fungus (genus Candida), esp. C. albicans.
xerostomia abnormal dryness of the mouth resulting from decreased secretion of saliva
esophageal atresia serious birth defect in which the esophagus is segmented and closed off at any point
Periodontal disease • a disease of the supporting structures of the teeth, the periodontium, including alveolar bone to which the teeth are anchored
Symptoms of Abcesses Surrounding cellulitis and edema of the adjacent facial structures
Stomatisis is caused by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, severe drug allergy, and myelosuppression
Medications for Herpes Simplex Acylovir, zoverax
Canker sore (aphthous stomatitis) shallow ulcer with a white or yellow center and a red border
canker sore is associated with emotional or mental stress, fatigue, hormonal factors, minor trauma (such as biting), allergies, acidic foods and juices, and dietary deficiencies
Medications for thrush Nistaten & Leokeouc bacillus
Sialadenitis caused by dehydration, radiation therapy, stress, malnutrition, salivary gland calculi (stones), or improper oral hy- giene.
Chronic sialadenitis with uncontrolled pain is treated by surgical drainage of the gland or excision of the gland and its duct.
Epithelioma treatment radiation
Zenker’s diverticulum most common type of Esophageal diverticulum, pharynesophageal upper
esophageal divertuculum cure surgery is only cure
Esophageal achlasia treatment botox- inhibit the contraction of smooth muscle of esophagus
Odynophagia pain on swallowing
GERD symptoms mimic heart attack
GERD Medications Antacids
funoplication taking a portion of gastric fundus and wrap it around the esophagus- GERD
Cancer of esophagus most common in Men and African-Americans
Barrett’s esophagus is caused by chronic irritation of the mucus membrane due to reflux of gastric and duodenal contents.
chelioplasty surgery to correct cleft palate
Cleft palate a congenital fissure in the roof of the mouth forming a communicating passageway between the mouth and nasal cavities. (only soft palate or with nose)
After Cleft palate surgery no bottle or sippy for 2-3 weeks
tracheoesophageal fistula abnormal connection between the esophagus and the trachea
Maternal polyhydramnios is a common finding with Esophageal atresia without tif
Esophageal atresia pinks up when suctioned
Esophageal atresia treatment immediate surgery
Salicylate poisoning aspirin
Salicylate poisoning peaks 2-4 hours
Number 1 poisioning in children Acetaminophen poisoning
Acetaminophen poisoning 4 stages Initial, Latent, Hepatic involvement, Recovery
Acetaminophen poisoning Signs Pallor, GI irribility, jaundice, Diaphoresis
Acetaminophen poisoning treatment mucomyst, levage and charcoal
Iron poisoning signs blood in stool or vomit
Chelation therapy treatment of heavy metal posioning
Leading poisoning- Bll (blood lead level) more 10mg and Low hgb and hct
Created by: usnwifeaustin