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DIT bacteria basics

bacterial structure that mediates adherence of bacteria to the surface of a cell pili
bac structure that protects against phagocytosis capsule
bac stx that provides rigid support o bacterial cell and protects against osmotic pressure differences peptidoglycan
space between the inner and outer cellular membranes in gram negative bacteria periplasm
bac stx for motility flagella
bacterial form which provides resistance to dehydration heat an chemicals spores
forms attachment between two bacteria during transfer of DNA material (conjugation) sex pilus
genetic material within bacteria that contains genes for abx resistance plasmid
exotoxin that inhibits ACH release causing flaccid paralysis botulinum toxin
exotoxin lecithinase that causes gas gangrene alpha toxin of c. perfringens
exotoxin that inhibits the inhibitor of AC causing whooping cough pertussus toxin
exotoxin that stimulates AC cause Cl and water to enter gut and cause diarrhea Cholera toxin and HL E Coli
Exotoxin that destroys leukocytes leukocidin (S. aureus)
Composed of edema factor, lethal factor and protective antigen anthrax exotoxin
enterotoxin causing rice water diarrhea cholera toxin and HL E Coli
Causes scarlet fever Erythrogenic/pyrogenic toxin (s pyogenes)
Causes TSS TSST-1
Inactivates EF-2 causing psedomembranous pharyngitis diptheriae toxin
blocks the release of the inhibitory neurotransmitter glycine tetanospasmin
5 bacteria that secrete enterotoxins (causing water and electrolyte imbalances of intestinal epithelium = diarrhea) Vibrio Cholera, ETEC (HC), Staph Aureus, Salmonella, Shigella
toxins secreted by Staph Aureus alpha, beta, hemolysin, leukocidin, enterotoxins A-E, TSST-1, epidermolytic/exfoliative
alpha toxin (Staph aureus) hemolysis
beta toxin (staph aureus) sphingomyelinase
Protein A+B (staph aureus) hemolysin
Protein B+C (staph aureus leukocidin
tsst-1 release of CKs = tss
epidermolytic/exfoliative epithelial cell lysis = scalded skin syndrome
Toxins secreted by GAS (strep pyogenes) streptolysin O and S, erythrogenic/pyrogenic toxins
acute phase cytokinds IL-1, IL-6, TNF alpha
What organisms do not take gram stain Mycobacteria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Chlamydia, Rickettsia, Treponema
Stain for cryptococcus neoformans india ink
stain for pneumocystis jiroveci silver stain
stain for amyloid congo red
stain for chlamydia giemsa
characteristics of MacConkey's agar Bile Salts and Crystal Violet inhibit G+ growth. Lactose and Neutral Red turns lactose fermenters pink
By what method are plasmids exchanged between bacteria? conjugation
Which organisms can acquire abx resistance from transformation S.pneumo, H.flu, Neisseria
What bacteria are encapsulated (Some Killers Have Nice Shiny Bodies) Salmonella, Klebsiella, H flu, Neiserria, Strep Pn, group B strep
Which bacteria are spore formers? Clostridium, Bacillus, Coxiella burnetii
Created by: kayjames



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