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JPGrammar Structures

Grammar Structures/Expression

QuestionAnswer
Can I / May I....? Asking permission 〜てもいいですか。
You are not allowed to... / You can't... Prohibition 〜てはいけません。 〜てはだめです。
You may / You can.... Giving Permission 〜てもいいです。
You must / You have to... Obligation 〜なくてはいけません/〜なくてはなりません。
I must / I have to.... Obligation 〜なければなりません。
Let's.... Volitional 〜ましょう/よう・おう・ろう...
You should / It's better if you... Giving advice / Making a suggestion 〜たほうがいいです。
Please + verb... Giving an instruction politely. 〜てください。
Please don't + verb.... Instructing not to do something politely. 〜ないでください。
Want to... 〜たい verb stem + たい
Don't want to 〜たくない verb stem + たくない
Shall we...? Shall I...? Making a suggestion to do something together, or offer to something for someone 〜ましょうか/〜ようか
Would you like to .... with me? Inviting someone to do something with you. 〜ませんか。
I plan on .... / I intend to.... Expressing intentions Verb plain + つもりです。
Before doing something,... Verb plain + 前に〜
After doing something.... 〜た後で〜 / 〜てから
Consecutive actions - drinking tea while reading a book Verb stem + ながら〜
Expressing a command (strong) Verb stem + なさい
Created by: nrjapanese