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Gov UK Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Autonomy the degree to which a state can implement policies independent of the populace or the amount of sovereignty a nation-state can exercise in the global environment
Backbenchers Members of parliament that are not as noteworthy leaders or shadow cabinet members (may be starting their careers) who are sitting in the back
Bureaucratic authoritarianism In contrast with fascism and totalitarianism this political structure includes hierarchical structures in which policy are carried out
Causation a correlation in which a change in one variable results in change in others
Cleavage factors that separate groups within a society (ex: cultural, historic, geographic, economic, ethnic, racial)
Cross-cutting cleavage the factors (cleavages) that cause divisions & the recognition that some groups will share common interests but will not always agree on everything
Collective Consensus Cross-party British support for the welfare state that lasted until the late 1970s
Collective Responsibility In a parliamentary system, the concept that all cabinet members agree on policy decisions and that all will be accountable and responsible for results
Constitution in Britain There is no formal written constitution, unwritten body of laws based on statutes (acts of parliament), common law (precedents), customs/traditions
Devolution a process in a unitary system of delegating some decision making to local public bodies
Economic liberalization policy designed to remove political controls over economics and activity
European Court of Justice & European Parliament the European Parliament is the EU’s made law-making institution, they also work on the EU budget and make sure other EU institutions are working democratically. The European Court of Justice sees that all the laws are applied in the countries & gets rid o
European Union aka “Common Market” the group of European countries that are bound together
Fusion of Power system of governance in which the authority of government is concentrated in one body
GDP the total value of goods and services produced by an economy
Maastricht Treaty signed 1992 created the EU & EMU(central bank)
Parliament The group or body that creates the laws/legislations, examines what government is doing, holds the power to set taxes
party discipline The idea that debate has little effect because MPs are expected to vote w/ their party
Plurality system (first past the post) electoral system in which election winners are determined by which candidate receives the largest number of votes (regardless of if majority is received)
Prime ministerial system Governmental system in which the Prime Minister is the head of government with a large amount of control and leverage
privatization selling off state owned companies
proportional representation electoral systems in which parties receive a number of seats in parliament proportional to the share of votes they win
PPP economic theory that estimates amount of adjustment needed on an exchange rate between countries
Shadow Cabinet the minority party official leadership that “shadows” cabinet” to check up on what they are doing & critique
single member district Electoral system in which the only one representative is chosen from each constituency
social welfare the material condition of members of a group, may also refer to the group-supplied material benefits in society (ex: health care)
supranational organization The institutions/organizations in which nations are not totally sovereign actors, authority that transcends national borders
the third way terms used to describe new & more central left-wing parties of the 1990s including Britain’s “New Labour”
Three line whip note from party whip stating when a vote is happening that all MPs of that party must come to and vote along the party line
Created by: linds081