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AMS SOL 6.2 part 1

Energy the ability to make things move; has no mass and takes up no space
Matter has mass and takes up space
Chemical Energy holds the atoms in molecules together; stored in all living things
Electrical Energy electricity; electrons flowing through matter
Thermal Energy heat
Electromagnetic Energy light
Mechanical Energy energy of moving objects
Nuclear Energy holds protons and neutrons together in the nucleus of atoms
Sound Energy vibrates air molecules and bones in your ear
Kinetic Energy energy in action
Potential Energy stored energy because of position or chemistry
Conversion energy changes from one form to another; transformation
Law of Conservation of Energy Energy cannot be made. Energy cannot be destroyed. Energy can change from one form to another.
Photosynthesis the process by which plants change the light from the sun into chemical energy
Fossil Fuels substanaces like coal, oil, and natural gas which store chemical energy from the remains of ancient plants and animals
Forms of Potential Energy nuclear and chemical
forms of kinetic energy thermal, electromagnetic, electrical, mechanical, sound
position a way of having potential energy based on the location of the object such as on a high shelf or the top of a hill
chemistry a way of having potential energy based on the what the object is made of and its ability to give off energy
chemical to heat conversion that occurs in your body
mechanical to sound conversion that occurs in most instruments
chemical to mechanical conversion that occurs in automobiles like cars and planes
electrical to light and sound conversion that occurs in TV's and computer screens
electrical to heat conversion that occurs in ovens
chemical to heat and light conversion that occurs when things burn
Created by: sford