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General Pharm. Terms

General Pharmacy Terms and Definitions

A powder that is usually mixed with water. It absorbs some poisons and helps prevent poison from being absorbed by the body. activated charcoal
specific signs or circumstances under which it is NOT appropriate and may be harmful to administer a drug to a patient. contraindications
This drug helps to constrict the blood vessels and relax airway passages. It is sometimes used to counter a severe allergic reaction. epinephrine
A semi-solid paste form of a drug. gel
Specific signs or circumstances under which it IS appropriate to administer a drug to a patient. indications
A spray device with a mouthpiece that contains an aerosol form of a medication that a patient can spray directly into the airway. inhaler
Medication given by mouth to treat a conscious person (able to swallow) with an altered mental state and a history of diabetes. oral glucose
In its pure form, this gas is used as a drug to treat any patient whose medical or traumatic condition causes (low in oxygen). oxygen
Any action of a drug OTHER than the desired action. side effect
Liquid form of a drug in which a powder is mixed with a slurry or water. suspension
Solid form of a drug; compressed powder. tablet
Brand name of a medication. trade name
The study of drugs, their sources, and their effects pharmacology
Medications routinely carried on the EMS unit activated charcoal, oral glucose, oxygen
Poorly managed diabetes can cause altered mental status
Oral glucose is given between the patient's cheek and gum because the area between the cheek and gum contains blood vessels that allow the glucose to be easily absorbed into the bloodstream.
The EMT may administer these types of medication that the patient carries or keeps at home epinephrine auto-injector, prescribed inhaler, nitroglycerin
Patients who have a medical history of asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis may carry a bronchodilator
This drug is used to dilate the coronary vessels. nitroglycerin
This government publication lists all the drugs in the United States. U.S. Pharmacopoeia
The name the manufacturer uses in marketing a drug. trade name
Prior to administering medication to a patient, you must know: the route of administration, the proper dose, the actions the medication will take
Drugs prescribed for pain relief. analgesics
Drugs prescribed to reduce high blood pressure. antihypertensives
Drugs prescribed for heart rhythm disorders. antiarrhythmics
Drugs prescribed to relax the smooth muscles of the bronchial tubes. bronchodilators
Drugs prescribed for the prevention and control of seizures. anticonvulsants
Drugs prescribed to help regulate emotional activity of patients to minimize the psychological and emotional peaks and valleys antidepressants
Six medications that an EMT can administer or assist a patient in taking activated charcoal, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed inhalers, nitroglycerin, epinephrine auto-injectors
Four "rights" of administering medication right patient, right dose, right route, right medication
A side effect of nitroglycerin is a drop in blood pressure. What do you do if this happens to your patient? Lay the patient down, raise the legs, contact for medical direction.
Created by: UBEMT