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Nursing Nutrition69

Nutrition

QuestionAnswer
What is a healthy B.M.I? 18.5-24.9
The energy needed to maintain life sustaining activities for a specific period time at rest. Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Is the amount of energy an individual needs to consume over a 24 hr period for the body to maintain all internal working activities while at rest. RMR Resting Energy Expenditure
The proportion of essential nutrients to the number of kilocalories. Nutrient Density
The main source of energy in the diet. Brain Food! Carbohydrates (CHO)
Proteins the body does not synthesize? Indispensable AA
Proteins the body can synthesize? Dispensable AA
The combination of a simple protein with a non-protein substance produces what? Complex Protein
Are the most calorie-dense nutrient, providing 9 kcal/g? Fats (Lipids)
Circulate in the blood and are made up of 3 fatty acids attached to a glycerol? Triglycerides
Are composed of chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms with an acid group on one end of the chain and a methyl group at the other. Fatty Acids
Each carbon in the chain has two attached hydrogen atoms. Saturated Fatty Acids
An unequal number of Hydrogen atoms are attached and the carbon atoms attach to each other with double bonds. Unsaturated Fatty Acids
Is the only essential fatty acid in humans? Linoleic Acid
What percentage of water makes up body weight? 60-70%
Have ↑ proportions of saturated fatty acids? Animal Fats
Have ↑ proportions of unsaturated and poly-unsaturated fatty acids? Vegetable Fats
(A,D,E,K) are stored in the fatty compartments of the body. Fat Soluble Vitamins
Inorganic elements essential to the body as catalysts in biochemical reactions. Minerals
Daily requirements are 100mg or more? Macro-minerals
When <100mg is needed daily? Trace elements
Vitamin C, and B-Complex? Water Soluble Vitamins
Protein-like substances that act as catalysts to speed up chemical reactions. Enzymes
Wavelike muscular contractions? Peristalsis
General ill health and malnutrition marked by weakness and emaciation. Cachexia
This enzyme digest starch? Amylase
This enzyme breaks down emulsified fats? Lipase
What is the fluid capacity of the stomach? 1.5 Liters
All the biochemical reactions within the cells of the body. Metabolism
The building of more complex biochemical substances by synthesis of nutrients. Anabolism
The breakdown of biochemical substances into simpler substances and occurs during states of negative nitrogen balance. Catabolism
How many servings of Grains per/day? 6-11
How many servings of Vegetables per/day? 3-5
How many servings of fruits per/day? 2-4
How many servings of Milk per/day? 2-3
How many servings of Meat and Beans per/day? 2-3
Catabolism of glycogen into glucose, carbon dioxide, and water. Glycogenolysis
Anabolism of glucose into glycogen for storage. Glycogenesis
Catabolism of AA and glycerol into glucose for energy. Gluconeogenesis
How many Calories in 1 lb of fat? 3500 Calories
required for growth, normal pregnancy, maintenance of lean muscle mass and vital organs and wound healing Positive Nitrogen Balance
body loses more nitrogen than the gains. Nitrogen loss is the result of body-tissue destruction or loss of nitrogen-containing body fluids. Negative Nitrogen balance
EGGS AND MILK ONLY (no meat,fish,or poultry) Ovolactovegeterian
Drinks milk but avoids eggs. Lactovegetarian
What foods bind with Iron? Wheat, Tanic acid from teas.
What Vitamin helps absorb Iron? Vitamin C
A BMI from 25-29%? Is Overweight.
A BMI >30%? Is Obese
Therapeutic Diets types: Broth, bouillon, coffee, tea, carbonated beverages, clear fruit juices, gelatin, popsicles. Clear Liquid Diets
Therapeutic Diets types: Smooth textured dairy products(e.g. ice cream), custards, refined cooked cereals, vegetable juice, pureed vegetable, all fruit juices. Full Liquid Diets
Therapeutic Diets types: Scrambled eggs; pureed meats, vegetables, and fruits; mashed potatoes and gravy. Pureed Diets
Therapeutic Diets types: Ground or finely diced meats, flaked fish, cottage cheese, cheese rice potatoes, pancakes, light bread, cooked vegetables, cooked or canned fruits, bananas, soups, peanut butter. Mechanical Soft Diets
Therapeutic Diets types: Addition of low-fiber, easily digested foods, such as pastas, casseroles, moist tender meats, and canned cooked fruits and vegetables. Dessert, cakes, and cookies without nuts or coconut. Soft/Low Residue Diets
Therapeutic Diets types: Addition of fresh uncooked fruits, steamed vegetables, bran, oatmeal, and dried fruits. High Fiber
Therapeutic Diets types: 4-g (no added salt), 2-g, 1-g, or 500mg. Low Sodium Diets
300mg/day in keeping with the AHA guidelines for serum lipid reduction. Low Cholesterol
Therapeutic Diets types: ADA 1800 cal, ;Includes balanced intake of CHO, fats, and proteins. Diabetic Diet
Therapeutic Diets types: No restrictions, unless specified. Regular Diet
Nutrients given into the GI tract. Enteral Feeding
A form of specialized nutrition support in which nutrients are provided intravenously. Parenteral Feeding (PPN/TNP)
Difference from TPN and PPN? TPN is for more sever patients and is administered through a large central line catheter. PPN is for less severe patients and is administered through a peripheral line.
Decreased or absent innervation to the stomach that results in delayed gastric emptying. Gastroparesis
Created by: BOjangles1006