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Respiratory System4

Med Term 2

QuestionAnswer
Parietal Pleura A serous membrane attached to the inner thorax wall.
Pariet Wall
Visceral Pleura A serous membrane that forms the lungs outer surface.
Pleural Cavity The space within the the thorax that contains lungs.
Pleural Space The space between the visceral and parietal layers of the pleura.
diaphragm Muscle that divides the thoracic and abdominal cavities
-pnea Breathing
apnea period of not breathing
bradypnea slow breathing
hypercaphia excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
capnia/caphia Carbon dioxide
dysphonia Hoarseness of the voice
-phonia sound, voice
hemathorax blood in the pleural cavity
hem/o blood
thorax chest
hemoptysis coughing out and spitting out blood originating from the lungs
hematemesis vomiting blood
hemat/o blood
-emesis vomiting
anoxia absence of oxygen
an no
-oxia oxygen
hypernea deep breathing
hyper excessive
pnea breathing
hypopnea shallow breathing
hypo below normal
pnea breathing
arth/o straight
pnea breathing
arthopnea ability to breath is limited to an upright position
hyperventilation excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs
hypoventilation breathing rhythm that fails to meet the body's gas exchange demands
atelectasis collapsed lung
atel/o incomplete
-ectosis expansion, dilation
asthma allergic reaction producing symptoms of wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing.
acute chronic
asphyxia absence of respiratory ventilation or Suffocation!!!
coryza Common head cold
COLD, or COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic Long term
Obstructive Blockage
Pulmonary Lung
Disease Emphysema, chronic bronchitis,bronchospasm + more
COPD Or COLD a group of disorders associated associated with the obstruction of bronchial airflow, usually as a result of inhaling tobacco smoke.
Emphysema a chronic lung disease characterized by ENLARGED ALVEOLI and damaged respiratory membrane.
Emphysema Is included in the group of problems known as COPD. Symptoms include apnea, a barrel chest, labored breathing, and gradual deterioration due to chronic hypoxemia.
Anthrocosis Coal
Asbestosis asbestos
Silicosis Silica or glass
siderosis iron, particles, fumes
Pneumoconiosis inflammation of the lungscaused by the chronic inhalationof a fine particle which leads to the formation of a fibrotic tissue around the alveoli that reduces their ability to stretch with incoming air.
Laryngitis Inflammation of the Larynx
Pleuritis/pleurisy Inflammation of the Pleura
Pertussis Whooping Cough
Pertussis acute infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi that produces spasmadic cough.
HS is the "P" in DPT Shots
conduction portion - air-transmitting passages of the nose
parietal pleura- A serous membrane attached to the inner thorax wall.
pleural effusion - is a buildup of fluid between the layers of tissue that line the lungs and chest cavity. Symptoms: Chest pain, usually a sharp pain that is worse with cough or deep breaths; Cough; Fever; Hiccups; Rapid...
pleural space- The space between the visceral and parietal layers of the pleura.
visceral pleura- A serous membrane that forms the lungs outer surface.
Bradypnea - slow breathing
Orthropnea - ability to breath is limited to an upright position
Hypercapnea - excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
Hyperpnea - deep breathing
Hyperventilation - excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs
Aphonia - is the inability to speak
Atelectasis- collapsed lung
Dysphonia - Hoarseness of the voice
Laryngitis – Inflammation of the Larynx
Pharyngitis – Inflammation of the Pharynx
Coryza - Common head cold
Embolism – occurs when a blood vessel supplying the lung becomes clogged up by a clot – a lump of coagulated blood.
Epistaxis - as acute hemorrhage from the nostril, nasal cavity, or nasopharynx. Nosebleed
Expectoration – sputum or the act of bringing up and spitting out sputum. From the Latin expectorare, to expel from the chest, from ex-, out of + pectus, chest. Agent that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing??
Hemothorax - blood in the pleural cavity
Hematemesis - vomiting blood
Hemoptysis - coughing out and spitting out blood originating from the lungs
Pneuothorax - A collapsed lung, or pneumothorax, is the collection of air in the space around the lungs.
Pyothorax – Empyema puss in the pleural cavity
Rhinitis – Inflamation of the nose/nasal cavity
Rhinomyocosis - Fungal infection of the nose
Rhinorrhagia - Nosebleed, especially one in which bleeding is profuse
Rhinorrhea – Runny nose?? where the nasal cavity is filled with a significant amount of mucous fluid
SARS - Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a serious form of pneumonia. It is caused by a virus.
Asphyxia - absence of respiratory ventilation or Suffocation
pleurisy - Inflammation of the Pleura
pleurocentesis – Puncture and aspiration of pleural fluid from the pleural space
Croup - is breathing difficulty accompanied by a "barking" cough. Croup, which is swelling around the vocal cords, is common in infants and children and can have a variety of causes.
Diphtheria - is an acute infectious disease caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Symptoms usually occur 2 to 5 days after you have come in contact with the bacteria. Bluish coloration of the skin; Bloody, watery...
pertussis - Whooping Cough, acute infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi that produces spasmadic cough
Rabies - is a deadly viral infection that is mainly spread by infected animals.
TB - is a contagious bacterial infection that involves the lungs, but may spread to other organs
Auscultation - the term for listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a stethoscope
Paracentesis - is a procedure to remove fluid that has accumulated in the abdominal cavity (peritoneal fluid), a condition called ascites.
pleurocentesis - Puncture and aspiration of pleural fluid from the pleural space
thoracocentesis – Surgical puncture into the chest cavity to aspirate fluid
Endoscopy – General term for using a flexible tube with mirrors and a camera to look into the body
lung scan - is a nuclear scanning test that's usually used to detect a pulmonary embolism, which is blood clot that is preventing normal blood
pulmonary angiography – inject dye and x-ray lungs
ventilation-perfusion scanning - is a pair of nuclear scan tests. These tests use inhaled and injected radioactive material
Rhinoplasty – Surgical repair of the nose
Rhinorrhaphy – Suture of the nose
Septoplasty – surgical repair of the nasal septum by reconstruction
Sinusotomy - Incision into a sinus
CF - Cystic fibrosis is an autosomal genetic disease affecting most critically the lungs, and also the pancreas, liver, and intestine. It is characterized by abnormal transport of chloride and sodium across epithelium, leading to thick, viscous secretions
Expectorant - that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing
Hemoptosis - or haemoptysis is the expectoration (coughing up) of blood or of blood-stained sputum from the bronchi, larynx, trachea, or lungs
Asthma - allergic reaction producing symptoms of wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing
cor pulmonale - is failure of the right side of the heart brought on by long-term high blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries and right ventricle of the heart
emphysema - a chronic lung disease characterized by ENLARGED ALVEOLI and damaged respiratory membrane
eupnea- is normal, good, unlabored ventilation, sometimes known as quiet breathing or resting respiration. In eupnea, expiration employs only the elastic recoil of the lungs.
pleuritis - is inflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain (usually sharp) when you take a breath or cough.
Pneumoconiosis - is a lung disease that results from breathing in dust from coal, graphite, or man-made carbon over a long period of time
Pneumonitis - inflammation of lung tissue
pulmonary edema – Fluid in lungs??
Anoxia – absence of oxygen
Diaphragm – Muscle that divides the thoracic and abdominal cavity
Created by: becca98