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Renal

Renal Everything

QuestionAnswer
What type of kidney stones form acidic urine? Uric acid and cysteine stones
What type of kidney stones occur in context with UTI caused by Proteus? Triple phosphate (magnesium, ammonia phos) occur with urease positive species like proteus
70% of all kidney stone, neutral urine pH are what? Calcium oxalate
What type of glomerularsclerosis is not responsive to steroids? Focal segmental
Older man with back pain, pneumonia several times, pitting edema, proteinuria, normal albumin levels. Biopsy shows amorphous pink material in glomeruli, intertitium and arteries. What is it? Multiple Myeloma. Back pain from lytic lesions, immunosuppression and amyloid deposition enlarging the kidneys
Elevated serum urea nitrogen, creatinine, small kidneys, coarsly granular appearance, sclerotic glomeruli, fibrotic interstitium and scattered lymphocytic infiltrates describes what? End stage renal disease
An older woman has a mass on her urethra that is slowly enlarging, warty and ulcerating. What is it? Squamous cell carcinoma
A young adult with celiac disease has red-brown urine then returns to normal color. A month later, it reoccurs with RBCs, and 200 mg protein in 24 hrs. What is it? IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease). Recurrent hematuria in a young adult. Mesangial IgA deposition is present.
A young kid recovering from impetigo culures strep pyogenes. One week post tx with antibiotics he passes dark brown urine and elevated anti-streptolysin titer. What is the outcome? Complete recovery. Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis is from Group A strep (different from rhumatic fever), most kids recover but 1% develop rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis.
Created by: tessah10