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228.Test2

QuestionAnswer
The Base of the heart is where? Top of the heart
The Apex of the heart is where Bottom of the heart
What does nicotine do to arteries Constricts
What does Sodium (Na) do to the heart Puts pressure
Closure of the Mitral and Tricuspid valves S1 (Lub)
Closure of the Aortic and Pulmonic valves S2 (Dubb)
Approximately what is cardiac output 5-6 L/min
Neck vessels we need to know Carotid artery and Jugular veins
COLDSPA stands for what? Condition, Onset, Location, Duration, Severity, Pattern, Associated symptoms
What is the amplitude of a pulse? strength of the pulse
What is the contour of the pulse? The regularity of the pulse
How is the strength of a pulse evaluated? 0 - 4+ scale (0, 1+, 2+, 3+, 4+). 0 being no pulse and 4+ is bounding.
ICS stands for what? Intercostal space
LSB stands for what? Left sternal border
ERBS point is found where? 3rd ICS, LSB
The Tricuspid is found approximately where? 4th ICS, LSB
The Mitral/apical pulse area is approximately where? 5th ICS, MCL
MCL stands for what? Mid-clavicular line
Normal Heart rate 60-100 bpm
Tachycardia is considered how many beats per minute greater than 100
Bradycardia is considered how many beats per minute less than 60
You would do a pulse check how? palpating an artery
You would do a apical pulse check how? auscultation of heart rate
What races are more susceptible to Coronary Heart Disease African American, Mexican American, American Indian, Native Hawaiian, Asian American
Men are more susceptible to Coronary Heart disease after what age 45
Women are more susceptible to Coronary Heart Disease after what age 55 (post menopausal, no estrogen replacement post total hysterectomy)
What family history would indicate your more susceptible to Coronary Heart Disease Father/Brother diagnosed before age 55, mother/sister diagnosed before age 65
Heart Attack symptoms Chest pain, Pressure or heaviness/tightness/pain/pressure in the neck or jaw, Pain or pressure in one or both arms (most in the left), Shortness of breath, nausea, sweating, Pain or throbbing between the shoulder blades
Sudden death is more common among which gender with a heart attack females
Which gender has a worse outcome after having had a heart attack females
Most common time for a heart attack to occur monday morning
What makes the mornings high-risk for those prone to have a heart attack platelets are "stickier"
How long after someone has taken erectile dysfunction drugs should he wait before taking Nitroglycerin 36 hours
Where are good sites for palpation of pulses Radial, Femoral, Popliteal, Dorsalis Pedis, Posterior tibial
If a pulse cannot be found, what electronic device would be good to find the pulse Doppler
Lymphedema is caused by what Abnormal or blocked lymph vessels
A in APE to Man Aortic (2nd ICS Right Sternal Border)
P in APE to Man Pulmonic (2nd or 3rd ICS Left Sternal Border)
E in APE to Man Erb's point (Third to fifth intercostal space at the Left Sternal Border)
T in Ape to Man Tricuspid area (Fourth or fifth intercostal space at the left lower sternal border)
M in Ape to Man Mitral/apical (Fifth intercostal space near the left midclavicular line - the apex of the heart)
When auscultating the heart, the upper trunk should be elevated to what? 30 degrees
What part of the stethoscope should be used to differentiate low pitched sounds or gallops bell
The diaphragm of the stethoscope should be applied __________ and the bell should be applied ___________ firmly, lightly
A highly complex system that includes the heart and a closed system of vessels Cardiovascular system
Pulmonary circulation is attributed to what part of the heart right side
Systemic circulation is attributed to what part of the heart left side
Two AV valves tricuspid (right), mitral (left)
The tough, inextensible, loose-fitting, fibroserous sac that surrounds the heart pericardium
relaxing of the ventricles of the heart diastole
contraction of the ventricles of the heart systole
This heart sound correlates with the beginning of systole S1
This heart sound correlates with the beginning of diastole S2
Where is S2 best heard base of the heart (2nd ICS LSB)
Where is S1 best heard Apex of the heart (5th ICS LSB)
Cardiac output is represented by what mathmatical formula HR X SV (heart rate X stroke volume)
To observe the jugular venous pulse, in what position and at what angle should the client be in? supine, torso 30-45 degrees
Upon auscultating an artery, you hear blowing or swishing sounds. What is this called Bruit
Upon inspection, you see an impulse around the the 5th intercostal space on the left side. How would you treat this finding Normal
With the client assuming a lateral position, what heart sounds should be heard S1 & S2 (anything else would be considered abnormal)
With the client sitting up, leaning forward, and exhaling, what sounds should be heard S1 & S2 (anything else would be considered abnormal)
What part of the stethoscope should be used to differentiate high pitched sounds diaphragm
Created by: mwillis