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9βg

Athenaze 9β Grammar

QuestionAnswer
What is special about nouns declined like πόλις and ἄστυ? They have two stems ι/υ for the nom/acc/voc sing. and ε for all other forms. Their genitive singular ends in -εως.
What are the singular forms of πόλις? πόλις, πόλεως, πόλει, πόλιν, πόλι
What are the plural forms of πόλις? πόλεις, πόλεων, πόλεσι, πόλεις, πόλεις
What are the singular forms of ἄστυ? ἄστυ, ἄστεως, ἄστει, ἄστυ, ἄστυ
What are the plural forms of ἄστυ? ἄστη, ἄστεων, ἄστεσι, ἄστη, ἄστη
Explain the contractions in nouns declined like πόλις and ἄστυ. When the stem ε comes in contact with ε it becomes ει; when ε comes in contact with α it becomes η.
What is peculiar about nouns ending in -εύς? They have lost an original digamma (F), which comes out as a υ before consonants and drops before vowels. The resulting stem after the dropping of the intervocalic digamma does not contract except with ε. e.g. βασιλέFες => βασιλεῖς or βασιλῆς
What are the singular forms of βασιλεύς? βασιλεύς, βασιλέως, βασιλεῖ, βασιλέα, βασιλεῦ
What are the plural forms of βασιλεύς? βασιλῆς/βασιλεῖς, βασιλέων, βασιλεῦσι, βασιλέας, βασιλῆς/βασιλεῖς
What is the stem of the word βοῦς? βοF-
How does βοῦς interact with its endings? Before a vowel, the digamma (F) drops. Before a consonant, the digamma becomes υ. Since the stem is monosyllabic, the accent goes on the ultima in the genitive and dative.
Parse: ναῦς nom. fem. sing. / acc. fem. plur.
Parse: νεώς gen. fem. sing.
Parse: νηΐ dat. fem. sing.
Parse: ναῦν acc. fem. sing.
Parse: ναῦ voc. fem. sing.
Parse: νῆες nom. fem. plur. / voc. fem. plur.
Parse: νεῶν gen. fem. plur.
Parse: ναυσί dat. fem. plur.
Name five uses of the genitive. Possession; Partitive Genitive or Genitive of the Whole; Object of a Preposition; Object of certain verbs; Time within Which; Objective; Subjective
What is a Subjective Genitive? When the Genitive acts as the subject of the verbal idea of the noun that it depends upon.
What is an Objective Genitive? When the Genitive acts as the direct object of the verbal idea of the noun that it depends upon.
What is a Genitive of Possession? It is a genitive that expresses ownership of the noun that it depends upon.
What is a Partitive Genitive or Genitive of the whole? It is a genitive that express the whole of which the noun that it depends upon is the part.
What is a Genitive of Time Within Which? It is a genitive that expresses a period of time in which an action takes place. It does not express exact time or duration of time.
What is an Accusative of Duration of Time? It is an accusative that expresses how long an event takes. It does not express exact time nor time within which.
What is a Dative of Time within Which? It is a dative that expresses the exact time when something takes place. It does not specify a period of time within which nor duration of time.
Name three basic uses of the article. Change of subject with δὲ; Puts an adjective, participle, adverb or prepositional phrase in the Attributive position when modifying another noun; or in the Substantive position when not modifying another noun
Created by: VeritasGreek1
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