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meteorology vocab

QuestionAnswer
NAME THE FRONT: FAST-MOVING COLD AIR MASS PUSHES SLOW-MOVING WARM AIR MASS UPWARD COLD FRONT
NAME THE FRONT: WARM AIR MASS GOES OVER SLOWER-MOVING COLD AIR MASS WARM FRONT
WARM, HUMID AIR MASS MARITIME TROPICAL
COLD, DRY AIR MASS CONTINENTAL POLAR
WARM, DRY AIR MASS CONTINENTAL TROPICAL
COLD, HUMID AIR MASS MARITIME POLAR
VERY LARGE TROPICAL STORM WITH WINDS OVER 120 KM/HR HURRICANE
VIOLENTLY ROTATING COLUMN OF AIR; EARTH'S FASTEST MOVING WINDS TORNADO
PROPERTIES OF AIR PRODUCING THUNDERSTORMS AND TORNADOES MOIST, LOW PRESSURE
TEMPERATURE AT WHICH CONDENSATION CAN OCCUR DEW POINT
HIGH DENSITY AND HIGH PRESSURE ARE THE KEY PROPERTIES OF __ AIR. COLD
WHERE DO HURRICANES FORM? TROPICAL OCEANS
IF THE AIR TEMPERATURE IN A VALLEY IS JUST ABOVE FREEZING, THE AIR TEMPERATURE ON THE MOUNTAIN TOP WOULD BE __. BELOW FREEZING
WHICH AIR MASS HOLDS MORE WATER VAPOR, WARM OR COLD? WARM
AIR ALWAYS MOVES FROM __ PRESSURE TO __ PRESSURE. HIGH TO LOW
WHAT CAUSES HURRICANES TO LOSE ENERGY? COOL OCEAN WATER OR LAND
WHEN DO MOST TORNADOES OCCUR? SPRING & EARLY SUMMER
WHERE DO MOST OF EARTH'S TORNADOES OCCUR? CONTINENTAL U.S.
WHICH GLOBAL WIND SYSTEM HAS THE GREATEST EFFECT ON WEATHER IN THE U.S.? PREVAILING WESTERLIES
WHICH FRONT IS ASSOCIATED WITH SIGNIFICANT FLOODING RISK? STATIONARY
WHAT IS THE MOST ABUNDANT GAS IN THE ATMOSPHERE? NITROGEN (78%)
WHICH LAYER OF THE ATMOSPHERE CONTAINS THE OZONE LAYER? STRATOSPHERE
AS ALTITUDE IN THE TROPOSPHERE INCREASES, TEMPERATURE ___. DECREASES
A ___ AIR MASS HOLDS LESS WATER VAPOR THAN A ___ AIR MASS. COLD; WARM
AS ALTITUDE INCREASES, DENSITY & AIR PRESSURE ___. DECREASE
TWO KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF GLOBAL WINDS THAT ALLOW SAILORS TO NAVIGATE THE GLOBE ARE THAT GLOBAL WINDS ARE ___ AND ___. CONSTANT & MOVE IN PREDICTABLE DIRECTIONS
WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF BOTH GLOBAL AND LOCAL WINDS? UNEQUAL HEATING (GLOBAL - BETWEEN EQUATOR & POLES; LOCAL - OVER SMALL AREA)
IN A SEA BREEZE, WARMER, LESS DENSE AIR OVER THE ___ RISES AND IS REPLACED BY COOLER, MORE DENSE AIR FROM OVER THE ___. LAND; OCEAN (AIR MOVES FROM THE WATER TO THE LAND)
90% OF THE ATMOSPHERE'S MASS IS CONTAINED IN WHICH LAYER? TROPOSPHERE
WHICH GAS MAKES UP 21% OF THE ATMOSPHERE? OXYGEN
Created by: cgottlieb