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Bone forming cells. Osteoblast
The 3 categories of exercise? Isotonic, Isometric, and Resistive Isometric
Reduction in the quantity of bone or atrophy of skeletal tissue. Occurs in postmenopausal women and elderly men. Osteoporosis
Involve tightening or tensing of muscles without moving body parts. Isometric Exercises
Cause muscle contractions cause change in muscle length. Isotonic Exercises
The individual contracts the muscle while pushing against a stationary object or resisting the movement of an object. Push ups. Resistive Isometric Exercises
What are 5 functions of bone? Protection, Support, Mineral Storage, Movement, Hematopoesis.
Fit closely together and are fixed permitting little movement such as syndesmosis between tim and fib. Fibrous Joint
Have little movement but are elastic. Cartilaginous Joint
True Joints, freely movable? Synovial Joint
Attach bone to bone? Ligaments
Attach muscle to bone? Tendons
Is nonvascular supporting connective tissue with the flexibility of a form of plastic material. Cartilage
Contract to accomplish the same task. Synergistic Muscles
Where is the major voluntary control motor area located? Cerebral Cortex, Precentral Gyrus, or Motor Strip
Impaired movement due to altered neurotransmitter production. Parkinsons Disease
Common demyelinated disorder of the CNS. Multiple Sclerosis
Is the awareness of the position of the body and its parts. Proprioception
What is the #1 cause of unintentional death in people >65 y/o? Falls
Decreased calcification or density of bone? Osteopenia
Works mainly below the waist for rehab? Physical Therapist
Works mainly above the waist for rehab? Occupational Therapist
What is balance controlled by? Inner Ear and Cerebellum
Coordinates all voluntary skilled movement. Cerebellum
Assist in maintaining balance. Inner Ear
Is an inherited disorder that effects bones? Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Is characterized by inflammation or destruction of the synovial membrane and articular cartilage. Arthritis
Paralysis to one side of the body. Hemiplegia
Weakness affecting one side of the body, involves sensory. Hemiparesis
Unable to produce speech. Expressive Aphasia
What are the 3 components of mobility? Gait, ROM and Exercise
How often should you perform Isometric contractions? 10 second reps with 8-10 sets with several seconds of relaxation in between reps.
The client is able to move his or her joints independently. Active Range of Motion
The nurse moves each joint in clients who are unable to perform exercises. Passive Range of Motion
Joints that are not mobilized are at risk for what? Contractions
What prevents contractures? Frequent Stretching
Immunity acquired by injection? Active Immunity
Immunity acquired when antibodies produced by other persons or animals are introduced into a persons blood-stream for protection against pathogen. Passive Immunity
What is a comfortable Humidity? 60-70%
What is the major cause of death or disability among children? Bicycle related injuries
Give info on the steps to take in case of a material is released or spilled? MSDS's
How long does a seizure last approximately? 2 min
Status Epilepticus is considered what? A seizure lasting longer than 5 minutes.
A bright light, smell or taste that precipitates a seizure? Aura
This phase of a seizure occurs after the seizure has occurred in which the client often has amnesia or confusion and falls into a deep sleep. Postictal Phase
How often should you check smoke alarms? Test Monthly and Change every 2 years (batteries).
Route: Skin contact, ingestion or Inhalation. S/S RR Failure, Bloody Diarrhea, Hematemesis. Anthrax
Route: Ingestion. S/S Droopy eyelid, weak jaw clench, difficulty swallowing or speaking, blurred vision, Double Vision, Paralysis, Respiratory muscle paralysis. Botulism
Route: Airborne/Droplet. S/S: Fever, cough, CP, Hemoptysis <24hrs. Plague
Route: Airborne/Contact. S/S Flue like symptoms, Rash. Small Pox
By what age should children have their immunizations by? Before the age of 2 y/o
A systemic disease occurring more often in women which effects connective tissue surrounding joints. Rheumatoid Arthritis
How often should you check on restraints? Visual Q15 min. Tactile Q2 hrs
What does RACE stand for? Rescue, Activate, Confine, Extinguish.
Can the skill of seizure precaution be delegated? No
Influence the pattern of major biological and behavioral functions? Circadian Rhythm
Where is the major sleep center? Hypothalamus
What does RAS stand for and what does it do? Reticular Activating System: Maintains Alertness and wakefulness.
What does BSR stand for and what does it do? Bulbar Synchronizing Region and it causes sleep.
How many stages in the normal sleep cycle? How long is each stage? S1,S2,S3,S4. 1: Few minutes, 2: 10-20min, 3: 15-30, 4:15-30.
What is REM and how long does it last? Rapid Eye Movement sleep which permits deep sleep, vivid dreams. Last an average of 20 min.
What are stages 1 and 2 of NREM considered? Light sleep
What are stages 3 and 4 of NREM considered? Slow wave sleep. (deep sleep)
What is one normal sleep cycle? What is the average sleep cycles per night? Pre-sleep, S1, S2, S3, S4, S3, S2, REM, S2. Average sleep cycles per night 4-5.
What are 3 types of sleep apnea? Central, Obstructive or mixed.
Describe the way to go up and down stairs using crutches? Going up: Good foot first, then crutches, then bad foot. Going Down: Crutches, Bad foot, Good foot.
What is a sudden muscle weakness during intense emotions? Cataplexy
What is another name for teeth grinding? Bruxism
Meds that induce sleep? Hypnotics
Meds that calm and sooth? Sedatives
Joint type: Bones joined by bones? Synostic Joint
Genu Valgum: Legs curved inward. Knock Knee
Genu Varum: Legs bent outward. Bowlegs
Inability to dorsiflex. Drop foot
The end product of amino acid breakdown? Negative Nitrogen Balance
Inflammation of the lungs from stasis or pooling of secretions. Hypostatic Pneumonia
Calcium stores that lodge in the renal pelvis or pass through the utterer. Renal Calculi
Measures of Height, Weight, and skin fold thickness. Anthropometric Measurements
Prevents external rotation of the hips when the client is in supine position. Trochanter roll
Lesion type: Flat, non-palpable change in skin color. Macule
Lesion type: palpable, circumscribed, solid elevation in skin. Papule
Lesion type: elevated solid mass, deeper and firmer than papule. Nodule
Lesion type: circumscribed elevated skin filled with serious fluid. Vesicle
Lesion type: thinning of skin with loss of stability. Atrophy
Ulcer type: intact skin with non-blanchable redness of a localized area, usually a bony prominence. Stage I
Ulcer type: Partial thickness skin involving epidermis, dermis or both. Stage II
Ulcer type: Full thickness tissue loss, subcutaneous fat may be visible, but bone, tendon, or muscle are not exposed. Stage III
Ulcer type: Full thickness tissue loss with exposed bone, tendon or muscle. Stage IV
Is red moist tissue composed of new blood vessels, the presence of which indicate progression toward healing. Granulation Tissue
Soft yellow or white tissue. Slough
Black or brown necrotic tissue. Eschar
Surgical incision, wound that is sutured or stapled. Primary intention
Wound edges are not approximated. Secondary Intention
Wound edges are left open for several days, then wound edges are approximated. Tertiary Intention
The partial or total separation of wound layers. Dehiscence
What is an at risk patient number on the Braden Scale? <18
What is an at risk patient number on the Norton Scale? <14
Created by: BOjangles1006