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G&Dchapter13

Late Adulthood

QuestionAnswer
Three periods of old age young old ages: 65-74; old ages: 75-90; very old ages: 90 years and older
In 2000 how many of the noninstitutionalized persons live at home with their spouses over half
The most accurate predictors of life expectancy are the ages of one’s biological parents
The symptoms of normal aging are referred to as senescence
Biological theories clockwork, free radical, wear and tear, immune system failure, autoimmune
What happens to height with age trunk length decreases as spinal curvature increases and the intervetebral disks compact
Ligaments and tendons in the elderly are less elastic resulting in muscle spasms and decreased flexibility.
When are pronounced stiffness and diminished range of motion more noticeable? morning or following periods of disuse
Elderly changes and eating diminished gag reflex places the older adult at risk for choking while eating
What is tooth loss a consequence of? poor care leading to disease
Elderly and temperature regulation lose subcutaneous adipose tissue causing a decrease in ability to sustain changes in temperature
What do problems with memory and learning result from? specific diseases
Elderly and hearing loss of high frequency sounds
Motor skills and elderly both gross and fine motor skills may be affected by stiffened ligaments and joints; gait speed and step height decrease
Based on erikson, task for older adult is ego integrity
Ego integrity description feel satisfied with their accomplishments; may admit certain failures and disappointments but generally feel successful
Process of reminiscence or life review reassures older people about their accomplishments and worth and allows person to weave his or her life together, giving events and memories meaning and order
Despair in elderly developed when elderly feel that their lives have no meaning or that they have made the wrong decisions; produces helplessness and lack of control over their lives
What contributes to negative perceptions of the aging? ageism or prejudice against old people
Cause of change in roles can be retirement, it places new limitations and stresses on both parties
Main reasons for divorce in elderly? debilitating illnesses, disabilities and marital distress
How does work impact people personally? gives identity and self esteem as well as financial rewards
Second phase of retirement near: may participate in some planning
What can prevent some older people from buying the foods necessary for adequate diets? inflation and fixed incomes
What can affect whether older individuals can adequately meet their nutritional needs or understand their dietary requirements? social situations and levels of education
Elderly and sleep need more rest and less sleep than do younger adults
What factors increase an older person’s risk of falling? decreased auditory and visual acuity, gait changes and neurological disorders
Abuse crosses all social, cultural and socioeconomic boundaries
Most often abuse is related to caregivers’ stress, unresolved family conflicts, or familial history of abuse
What factors may lead to depression in the older adult? multiple losses, disease, and medications
Symptoms of depression hopelessness and profound sadness
Created by: laotracuata