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-ia condition of
-ism condition of
-sis (-osis, -iasis, -esis, -asis) condition of
-y condition of
-ian Specialist in field of
-atrics Medical Specilty
-iatry Medical Specilty
-ics Medical Specilty
-ist Specialist in field of
-logy study of
-ac pertaining to, like, resembling
-al pertaining to, like, resembling
-ar pertaining to, like, resembling
-ary pertaining to, like, resembling
-form pertaining to, like, resembling
-ic pertaining to, like, resembling
-ical (ic + al) pertaining to, like, resembling
-ile pertaining to, like, resembling
-oid pertaining to, like, resembling
-ory pertaining to, like, resembling
-ous pertaining to, like, resembling
-ase enzyme
-ose sugar
-algia, -algesia pain
-cele hernia, localized dilation
-clasis, -clasia breaking
-itis inflammation
-megaly enlargement
-odynia pain
-oma* tumor
-pathy any disease of
-rhage, -rhagia* bursting forth, profuse flow, hemorrhage
-rhea flow, discharge
-rhexis rupture
-schisis fissure, splitting
dilation*, dilatation* expansion, widening; may refer to treatment
ectasia, ectasis dilation, dilatation, distension
edema accumulation of fluid, swelling
lysis* separation, loosening, dissolving, destruction; may refer to treatment
malacia softening
necrosis death of tissue
ptosis dropping, downward displacement, prolapse
sclerosis hardening
spasm sudden contraction, cramp
stasis* suppression, stoppage; may refer to treatment
stenosis narrowing, constriction
toxin poison
-graph instrument for recording data
-graphy act of recording data; also evaluation & interpretation
-gram a record of data
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry measurement of
-scope instrument for viewing or examining
-scopy examination of
-centesis puncture, tap
-desis binding, fusion
-ectomy excision, surgical removal
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty plastic repair, plastic surgery, reconstruction
-rhaphy surgical repair, suture
-stomy surgical creation of an opening
-tome instrument of incising (cutting)
-tomy incision, cutting
-tripsy crushing
-lytic dissolving, reducing, loosening
-mimetic mimicking, simulating
-tropic acting on
-emia*, -hemia condition of blood; shortened form of hem+ia
-penia decrease in, deficiency of
-poiesis formation, production
-pnea breathing
-oxia* level of oxygen; *blood O2 use -emia
-capnia* level of carbon dioxide; *blood CO2 use -emia
-phonia voice
prim/i- first
mon/o- one
uni- one
hemi- half; one side
semi- half; partial
di- two, twice
dipl/o- double
tri- three
quadr/i- four
tetra- four
multi- many
poly- many, much
cyan/o- blue
erythr/o- red
leuk/o- white, colourless
melan/o- black, dark
xanth/o- yellow
a-, an- not, without, lack of, abscence
anti- against
contra- against, opposite
de- down, without, removal, loss
dis- abscence, removal, separation
in-*, im- (used before b, m, p) not
non- not
un- not
ab- away from
ad- toward; near
dia- through
per- through
trans- through
hyper- over, excess, abnormally high, increased
hypo-* under, below, abnormally low, decreased; *show position
olig/o- few, scanty
pan- all
super-* above, excess; *show position
equi- equal, same
eu- true, good, easy, normal
hetero- other, different, unequal
homo-, homeo- same, unchanging
iso- equal, same
macro- large, abnormall large
mega-*, megalo- large; abnormally large; *million
micro-* small; *1 millionth
neo- new
normo- normal
ortho- straight, correct, upright
poikilo- varied, irregular
pseudo- false
re- again, back
ante- before
pre- before, in front of
pro- before, in front of
post- after, behind
dextr/o- right
sinistr/o- left
ec-, ecto- out; ouside
ex/o- away from; outside
end/o- in; within
mes/o- middle
syn-, sym- (before b, m, p) together
tel/e-, tel/o- end
circum- around
peri- around
intra- in, within
epi- on, over
extra- outside
infra-* below *also degree
sub-* below, under; *also degree
inter- between
juxta- near, before
para- near, beside
retro- behind, backward
supra- above
brady- slow
dys abnormal, painful, difficult
mal- bad,poor
pachy- thick
tachy- rapid
xero- dry
staphyl/o- grapelike cluster
strept/o- twisted chain
anit- against
contra- against, oppose
counter- opposite, against
morph/o form
cyt/o, -cyte cell
nucle/o nucleus
kary/o nucleus
hist/o tissue
fibr/o fibre
reticul/o network
aden/o gland
papill/o nipple
myx/o mucus
muc/o mucus, mucous membrane
somat/o, -some body, small body
blast/o, -blast immature cell, productive cell, embryonic cell
gen origin, formation
phag/o eat, ingest
phil attract, absorb
plas formation, moulding, development
trop act on, affect
troph/o feeding, growth, nourishment
hydr/o water, fluid
gluc/o glucose
glyc/o sugar, glucose
sacchar/o sugar
amyl/o starch
lip/o lipid, fat
adip/o fat
steat/o fatty
prote/o protein
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck
thorac/o chest, thorax
abdomin/o abdomen
celi/o abdomen
lapar/o abdominal wall
lumb/o lumbar region, lower back
periton, peritone/o peritoneum
acro extremity, end
brachi/o arm
dactyl/o finger, toe
ped/o foot
pod/o foot
alg/o, algi/o, angesi/o pain
carcin/o cancer, carcinomacarcinoid - resembling carcinoma
cyst/o, cyst/i filled sac or pouch, cyst, bladder
lith calculus, stone
onc/o tumor
path/o disease
py/o pus
pyro/o, pyret/o fever, fire
scler/o hard, scleara (of eye)
tox/o, toxic/o poison
bacill/i, bacill/o bacillus
baceri/o bacterium
myc/o fungus, mold
vir/o virus
aer/o air, gas
bar/o pressure
chrom/o, chromat/o colour, stain
chron/o time
cry/o cold
electro/o electricity
erg/o work
phon/o sound, light
phot/o light
radi/o radiation, x-ray
son/o sound
therm/o heat, temperature
alg/o, algi/o, algesi/o pain
chem/o chemcial
hypn/o sleep
narc/o stupor
pharm, pharmac/o drug, medicine
pyr/o, pyret/o fever
tox/o, toxic/o poison, toxin
vas/o vessel
cardi/o heart
atri/o atrium
ventricul/o cavity, ventricle
valv/o, valvul/o valve
angi/o* vessel; usually blood vessels
vas/o, vascul/o vessel, duct
arter/o, arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
aort/o aorta
ven/o, ven/i vein
phleb/o vein
lymph/o lymph, lymphatic system
lymphaden/o lymph node
lymphangi/o lymphatic vessel
splen/o speen
thym/o thymus gland
tonsill/o tonsil
myel/o bone marrow
hem/o, hemat/o blood
erythr/o, erythrocyt/o red blood cell
leuk/o, leukocyt/o white blood cell
lymph/o, lymphocyt/o lymphocyte
thromb/o blood clot
thrombocyt/o platelet, thrombocyte
immun/o immunity, immune system
azot/o nitrogenous compounds
calc/i calcium
ferr/o, ferr/i iron
sider/o iron
kali potassium
natri sodium
ox/y oxygen
nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
pharyng/o pharynx
laryng/o larynx
trache/o tachea
bronch/o, bronch/i bronchus
bronchiol bronchiole
phren/o diaphragm
phrenic/o phrenic, nerbe
pleur/o pleura
pulm/o, pulmon/o lungs
pneumon/o lung
pneum/o, pneumat/o air, gas; also respiration, lung
spir/o breathing
bucc/o cheek
dent/o, dent/i tooth, teeth
odont/o tooth, teeth
gingiv/o gum (gingiva)
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
gnath/o jaw
labi/o lip
or/o mouth
stoma, stomat/o mouth
plata/o palate
sial/o saliva, salivary gland, salivary duct
uvul/o uvula
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
pylor/o pylorus
enter/o intestine
duoden/o duodeum
jujun/o jejunum
ile/o ileum
cec/o cecum
col/o, colon/o colon
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
proct/o rectum
an/o anus
hepat/o liver
bili bile
chol/e, chol/o bile, gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
cholangi/o bile duct
choledoch/eo common bile duct
pancreat/o pancreas
-esthesia sensation
-algesia pain
-osmia sense fo smell
-geusia sense of taste
-opsia vision
-opia eye, vision
-x endings pharynx, coccyx; thorax, cervix consonant -> g pharyngeal coccygeal; vowel -> c thoracotomy cervical
plural -a vertebra ae - vertebrae
plural -en lumen ina - lumina
plural -ex* (index), -ix (appendix*), -yx -ices indices, appendix'es',
plural -is prognosis -es prognoses
plural -ma stigma -mata stigmata
plural -nx phalanx (-anx, -inx meninx, -ynx) -nges - phalanges, , meninges,
plural -on phenomenon -a phenomena
plural -um serum -a sera
plural -us thrombus -i thrombi
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ Left upper quadrant
RLQ Right lower quadrant
RUQ Right upper quadrant
CA Cancer
FUO Fever of unknown origin
staph staphylococcus
strep streptococcus
BP blood pressure
c/o complains of
I&O intake and outake
P pulse
PE physical examination
PE(R)RLA pupils equal (regular) react to light and accommodation
pt patient
R respiration
R/O rule out
T temperature
TPR temperature, pulse, respiration
VS vital signs
WD well developed
WNL within normal limits
Rx drug, prescription, therapy
Bx biopsy
C&S culture and sensitivity
CT computed tomography
Dx diagnosis
ICU intensive care unit
I&D incision and drainage
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
AP anteroposterior
LL left lateral
PA posteroanterior
RL right lateral
NPO nothing by mouth
STAT immediately
supp suppository
susp suspension
tb tablet
tinct tincture
ung ointment
ac before meals
ad lib as desired
bid twice a day
ad lib as desired
bid twice a day
c with
gt(t) drop(s)
hs at bedtime
IM intramuscular
IV intravenous
pc after meals
po by mouth
prn as neded
qam every morning
qd every day
qh every hour
q2h every 2 hours
q3h every 3 hours
s without
subcu subcutaneous
AMI acute myocardial infraction
AS aortic stenosis; arteriosclerosis
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
CCU coronary/cardiac care unit
CHF congestive heart failure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CVD cardiovascular disease
ECG electrocardiogram
EKG electrocardiogram
HTN hypertension
MI myocardial infarction
NSR normal sinus rhythm
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
CBC complete blood count
Hb, Hgb hemoglobin
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
Ht, Hct hematocrit
RBC red blood cell; red blood cell count
WCB white blood cell; white blood cell count
ABG(s) arterial blood gas(es)
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CXR chest x-ray
PFT(s) pulmonary function test(s)
RDS Respiratory distress syndrome
SIDS suddend infant death syndrome
TB tuberculosis
T&A tonsils & andenoids; tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
URI upper respiratory infection
BM bowel movment
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HAV hepatitis A virus
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCV hepatitis C virus
AS aortic stenosis; arteriosclerosis
ARF acute renal failure
CRF chronic renal failure
ESRD end-stage renal disease
GU genitourinary
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)
DRE digital rectal examination
D&C dilation & curettage
GYN gynecology
HRT hormone replacement trapy
IUD intrauterine device
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS premenstrual syndrome
LMP last menstal period
NB newborn
OB obstetrics
DM diabetes melitus
FBS fasting blood sugar
AD Alzheimer disease
ADHD attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder
CNS central nervous system
CP cerebral palsy
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CVA cerebrovascular accident
EEG electroencephalogram (graph)
LOC level of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
MS multiple sclerosis
TIA transient ischemic attack
AD right ear
AS left ear
AU both ears; each ear
ENT ear(s), nose, & throat
OM otitis media
OD right eye
ORL otorhinolaryngology
OS left eye
OU both eyes; each eye
fx fracture
OA osteoarthritis
ORTH orthoarthritis
ortho orthopedics
RA rheumatoid arthritis
TMJ temporomandibular joint
EMG electromyography (gram)
OT occupational therapy; occupational therapist
PT physical therapy; physical therapist
ROM range of motion
BSA body surface area
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
UV ultraviolet
ren/o kidney
nephr/o kidney
glomerul/o glomerulus
pyel/o renal pelvis
cali/o-, calic/o- calyx
ur/o urine, urninary tract
urin/o urine
ureter/o ureter
cyst/o urinary bladder
vesic/o urinary bladder
urethr/o urethra
test/o testis, testicle
orchi/o, orchid/o testis
osche/o scrotum
semin semen
sperm/i, spermat/o semen, spermatozoa
epididym/o epididymis
vas/o vas deferens, ductus deferens; also vessel
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
prostat/o prostate
gyn/o, gynec/o woman
men/o, mens month, menstration
oo ovum, egg cell
ov/o, ovul/o ovum, egg cell
ovari/o ovary
oophor/o ovary
salping/o oviduct, tube, eustachian tube
uter/o uterus
metr/o, metr/i uterus
hyster/o uterus
cervic/o cervix, neck
vagin/o vagina
colp/o vagina
vulv/o vulva
episi/o vulva
perine/o perineum
clitor/o, clitorid/o clitoris
mamm/o breast, mammary gland
mast/o breast, mammary gland
amnio amnion, amniotic sac
embry/o embryo
fet/o fetus
toc/o labor
nat/i birth
lact/o milk
galact/o milk
gravida pregnant woman
para woman who has given birth
endocrin/o endocrine glands or system
pituitar pituitary gland, hypophysis
hypophys pituitary gland, hypophysis
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland
parathyro/, parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
adren/o, adrenal/o adrenal gland, epinephrine
adrenocortic/o adrenal cortex
insul/o pancreatic islets
neur/o, neur/i nervous system, nervous tissue, nerve
gli/o neuroglia
gangli/o, ganglion,/ ganglion
mening/o, meninge/o meninges
myel/o spinal cord (also bone marrow)
radicul/o spinal nerver root
encephal/o brain
cerebr/o cerebrum (loosely, brain)
cortic/o cerebral cortex, outer portion
cerebell/o cerebellum
thalam/o thalamus
vertricul/o cavity, ventricle
medull/o medulla oblongata (also spinal cord)
psych/o mind
narc/o stupor, unconsciousness
somn/o, somn/i sleep
audi/o hearing
acous, acus, cus sound, hearing
ot/o ear
myring/o tympanic cavity (middle ear), tympanic membrane
stapedo/, stapedi/o stapes
labyrinth/o labyrinth (inner ear)
vestibul/o vestibule, vestibular apparatus
cochle/o cochlea of inner ear
blephar/o eyelid
palpebr/o eyelid
dacry/o tear, lacrimal apparatus
dacryocyst/o lacrimal sac
lacrim/o tear, lacrimal apparatus
opt/o eye, vision
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
corne/o cornea
kerat/o cornea
lent/i lens
phak/o, phac/o lens
uve/o uvea
chori/o, choroid/o choroid
cycl/o ciliary body, ciliary muscle
ir, irit/o, irid/o iris
pupill/o pupil
retin/o retina
oste/o bone
myel/o bone marrow; also spinal cord
chondr/o cartilage
arthr/o joint
synov/i synovial fluid, joint, or membrane
burs/o bursa
crani/o skull, cranium
spondyl/o vertebrae
vertebr/o vertebra, spinal column
rachi/o spine
cost/o rib
sacr/o scrum
coccy, coccyg/o coccyx
pelvi/o pelvis
ili/o ilium
my/o muscle
muscul/o muscle
in/o fiber
fasci/o fascia
ten/o, tendin,o tendon
ton/o tone
erg/o work
kin/o, kine, kineshi/o, kinet/o movement
derm/o, dermat/o skin
kerat/o kartin, horny layer of the skin
melan/o dark, black, melanin
hidr/o sweat, perspiration
seb/o sebum, sebaceous gland
trich/o hair
oncych/o nail
Created by: sandog