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ch4

musculoskeletal system diagnostic and treatment procedures

QuestionAnswer
amputation partial or complete removal of limb for variety of reasons, including tumors, gangrene, intractable pain, crushing injury, or infection
arthrography X-ray of joint after injection of contrast medium into joint space
arthroscopic surgery performing surgical procedure while using arthroscope to view internal structure, such as joint
arthroscopy examination of interior of joint by entering joint with arthroscope;
bone graft piece of bone taken from patient used to take place of removed bone or bony defect at another site
deep tendon reflexes muscle contraction in response to stretch caused by striking muscle tendon with reflex hammer; used to determine if muscles are responding properly
electromyography study and record of strength and quality of muscle contractions as result of electrical stimulation
fixation procedure to stabilize fractured bone while it heals; external fixation includes casts, splints, and pins inserted through the skin; internal fixation includes pins, plates, rods, screws, and wires that are applied during an open reduction
muscle biopsy removal of muscle tissue for pathological examination
radiography removal of muscle tissue for pathological examination
reduction cting fracture by realigning bone fragments; closed reduction is doing this manipulation without entering body;
spinal fusion surgical immobilization of adjacent vertebrae; may be done for several reasons, including correction for herniated disk
tenodesis surgical procedure to stabilize joint by anchoring down tendons of muscles that move joint
total hip arthroplasty surgical procedure to stabilize joint by anchoring down tendons of muscles that move joint
total knee arthroplasty surgical procedure to stabilize joint by anchoring down tendons of muscles that move joint
traction applying pulling force on fractured or dislocated limb or vertebral column in order to restore normal alignment
Corticosteroids hormone form adrenal cortex—has strong anti-inflammatory properties
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) group of drugs that provide mild pain relief and anti-inflammatory properties
Created by: hmvu112