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ch4

skeletal system and muscular system

QuestionAnswer
callus mass of bone tissue that forms at fracture site during healing
cast solid material to immobilize extremity as result of fracture, dislocation, or severe injury;
crepitation noise produced by bones or cartilage rubbing together; also called crepitus.
kyphosis abnormal increase in outward curvature of thoracic spine; also called hunchback or humpback
lordosis abnormal increase in forward curvature of lumbar spine; also called swayback;
orthropedics branch of medicine specializing in diagnosis and treatment of conditions of musculoskeletal system; also called orthopedic surgery; physician is orthopedist or orthopedic surgeon; name derived from straightening (orth/o) deformities in children ( ped/o)
orthotic brace or splint used to prevent or correct deformities; person skilled in making and adjusting orthotics is an orthotist
podiatry healthcare profession specializing in diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the feet and lower legs; professional is a podiatrist
prosthesis artificial device used as substitute for body part that is either congenitally missing or absent as result of accident or disease; example is artificial leg
prosthetics healthcare profession specializing in making artificial body parts; person skilled in making and adjusting prostheses is prosthetist
adhesion scar tissue forming in fascia surrounding muscle, making it difficult to stretch muscle
atrophy poor muscle development as result of muscle disease, nervous system disease, or lack of use; commonly called muscle wasting
contracture poor muscle development as result of muscle disease, nervous system disease, or lack of use; commonly called muscle wasting
hypertrophy increase in muscle bulk as result of using it, as in lifting weights
spasm sudden, involuntary, strong muscle contraction
Created by: hmvu112