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ch4

bones and spinal column

QuestionAnswer
ankylosing spondylitis inflammatory spinal condition; resembles rheumatoid arthritis; gradual stiffening and fusion of vertebrae;
osteomalacia softening of bones caused by deficiency of calcium; in children cause is insufficient sunlight and vitamin D
osteoporosis decrease in bone mass; results in thinning and weakening of bone with resulting fractures; bone becomes more porous, especially in spine and pelvis
rickets deficiency in calcium and vitamin D found in early childhood; results in bone deformities, especially bowed legs
herniated nucleus pulposus herniation or protrusion of intervertebral disk; also called herniated disk or ruptured disk
scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature of spine
spinal stenosis narrowing of spinal canal causing pressure on cord and nerves
spina bifida congenital anomaly; occurs when vertebra fails to fully form around spinal cord
spondylolisthesis forward sliding of lumbar vertebra over vertebra below it
Created by: hmvu112