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Med class med/surg

medication classifications commonly used in a med/surg setting

QuestionAnswer
antacids reduce hydronchloric acid in the stomach. magnesium based antacids frequently cause diarrhea.
antianemics increase red blood cell production. examples of antianemics include b12, iron and Epogen(erythropoetin).
anticoagulants prevent clot formation by decreasing vitamin k levels and blocking clotting chain or by preventing platelet aggregation.
anticonvulsants used for management of seizures/bipolar disorder. medications used lorazepam(Ativan), phnobarbital, and phytoin(Dilantin)
antidiarrheals decrease gastric motility and reduce water in bowel
antihistamines block the release of histamine
antihypertensives lower blood pressure and increase blood flow
anti-infectives used for the treatment of infections
bronchodilators dilate large air passages in asthma/lung disease. common side effect is tachycardia
diurectics decrease water/sodium from the Loop of Henle or inhibit antidiuretic hormone(potasium sparing diuretics.
laxatives promote the passage of stool. types of laxatives include stool softeners, cathartics, fiber, lubricants, and stimulants
miotics constrict the pupils
mydriatics dilate the pupils
narcotics/analgesics relieve moderate to severe pain. meds in this category include opiods(morphine and codeine), synthetic opioids(meperidine), and NSAIDs(ketorolac).
anticholinergics cause mucous membranes to become dry; therefore, oral secretions are decreased. example atropine are often administered preoperatively.
Created by: allisonlogan