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life Span 1

Health Differenccs

Question Answer
an abnormality of heartbeat that causes a conscious awareness of its beating, weather it is too slow too fast, irregular or at its normal frequence. Palpitation
automatic response pattern automaticity
The amount of blood eficted by the left ventricle into the aorta per beat. stroke volume
a sudden, ussually temporary, loss of consciousness generally caused by insufficient oxygen in the brain. Syncope fainting
Chest pain due to ischemia (a lack of blood and hence oxygen supply) of the heart nuscle. Angina
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) that occurring during the period when circulation to a regin of the heart is obstructed and necrosis is occurring. Q wave infraction
Refers to a heart rate that exceeds the normal range for a resting heart rate. (heart rate in a inactive or sleeping individual) Tachycardia
Defined a a resting heart reat of under 60 beats per minute, through it is seldom symptomatic until the rate drops below 50 beat/min Bradycardia
a procedure used to open narrow or blocked coronary (heart) arteries. The procedure restores blood flow to the heart muscle. (known as a ballon) Angioplasty
a cardiac surgery procedure performed by cardiac surgeons to treat stenosis (narrowing) or regurgitiotion (leakage) of the mitral valve. Annuloplasty
a condition in which a problem with the structure of function of the heart impairs its ability to supply sufficient blood flow to meet the body's needs. Heart failure
The repair of a stenotic aotic valve using a balloon catherter inside the valve. Valvuloplasty
known as pericardial tamponade, is an acute type of pericardial effusion in which fluid accumulates in the pericardium (the sac in which the heart is enclosed). Cardiac Tamponde
the removal of a blockage in a blood vessel: the surgical removal of an embolus. usually a blood clot or other struction, in a blood vessel Emboletomy
Drugs are used in medicine to dissolve blood clots in a procedure termed thrombolysis. they limit the damage caused by the blockage of the blood vessel. Thrombolytics
a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure is elevated. it is also referred to as high blood pressure. Hypertension
the ratio of the blood pressure in the lower legs to the blood pressure in the arms. Compared to the arm, lower blood pressure in the leg is an indication of blocked arteries (peripheral vascular disease). Ankle-Brachial Index (ABPI)
The tension produced by a chamber of teh heart in order to contract Afterload
the leading cause of deathe for both women and men in our natoion. cardiovascular Disease
Hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, arteriosclerotic heart disease, angina pectoris, abnormal aortic aneurysm, gangrene, coronary artery disease, inflammatory heart disease. Impaiment of blood vessels.
Cardiac heart failure, dysrhythmias, myocardial infarction (MI), valvular disease, cardiac infectious/inflammatory disorders, and cardiomyopathy. Pump problems
Hypovolemic shock, cardiogenic shock, neurogenic shock, septic shock, and anaphylactic shock. disturbance in oxygen transport:
iron deficit anemia, pernicious anemia, sickle cell anemia, polycythemia, anemia caused blood loss, aplastic anemia, and hemolytic anemia Alteration in oxygen carrying factors
thrombocytopenic purpura, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), hemophilia, and vitamin K deficiency. alteration in coagulation
Pacemaker cells in the myocardium are unique in that they possess the property Automaticity
A patient complains of left calf pain after calf pain after walking around teh block. the pain is immediately relieved when the pateint sits down. the nurse analyzes this as Intermittent Caludication
A patietn with a 20 year history of secondary hypertension due to atherosclerosis has left ventricular hypertrophy and a cardiac output of 2900 ml. A major factor involved in the patient's low cardiac output is: Increased Afterload
which is a common cause of primary hypertension Genetics
Patients undergo long term therapy with which medication following mechanical valve replacement Anticoagulants
what finding should alert the nurse to monitor the newly diagnosed patient with heart faliure more closely Distended neck veins
the development of _____ suggests that the condition of the patient with mitral regurgitation may be deteriorating. right-sided heart failure.
The QRS complex on the EKG strip represents which phase of the cardiac cycle Systolic phase
Which prosthetic valve carries the highest risk for thrombus formation as a complication tilting disk valve
Under what circumstances is the administration of a nonselective beta blocker such as propranolol (Inderal) to a hypertensive patient patient contraindicated in a patietn who has COPD
Mitral valve prolapse has been linked to which risk factor hyperthyrodism
amount of blood ejected per minute from the left ventricle. Cardiac output
the flexible tissue found in the hollow interior of bones. _______ produces new blood cells bone marrow
the proportion of blood volume that is occupied by red blood cells. Hematocrit
Cells of the immune system defending the body against both infectious disease and foreign materials. leukocytes
A radiographic procedure for imaging the lymphatic system. visualized after injection of contrast. lymphangiography
Created by: maryfa