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Research test 2

Nursing Research Theoretical and Conceptual Frameworks ch. 8

Theory another means of identifying problem for research study **plays an important role in research process**
Hierarchy of Knowledge 1. Laws 2. Theories 3. Concepts 4. Hypotheses 5. Stories
Hierarchy of Knowledge: Laws invariable depictions of relationships among variables or phenomena
Hierarchy of Knowledge: Theories abstract generalizations explaining variables or phenomena
Hierarchy of Knowledge: Concepts abstract representations of observed variables or phenomena
Hierarchy of Knowledge: Hypotheses quantitative predictions of relationships
Hierarchy of Knowledge: Stories qualitative patterns of experiences
Examples of Laws -nature -gravity -conservation of mass -Boyle's
Theory abstract generalization concerning a set of interrelated concepts that specify the nature of a relationship between variables or phenomena
Purpose of Theory aids in understanding a problem; gives meaning to research findings, values, beliefs, relationships, and experiences; provides framework that describes, explains, or predicts variables or phenomena **reinforced by hypothesis testing**
Examples of Theories -evolution -personality -stress -infection -aging -pain -development -death and dying
Concept abstract representation describing observations of variables or phenomena (Construct - invented or "constructed" complex concept)
Purpose of Concept enables communication of meanings about objects, characteristics, behaviors, or processes; provides a framework that describes and links variables or phenomena
Examples of Concepts -love -depression -grief -self image -self efficacy -health promotion -nursing process -models of nursing
Framework theoretical or conceptual structure of a study
Purpose of Framework aids in defining theory or concept; aids in determining design; communicates how variables or phenomena "fit together"
What section of a report is the Framework most commonly found in? The Intro section
Example of a Framework Theory of Infection Pathogen:bacteria, fungi, protozoas I Means of Transmission I Portals of Entry:mouth, nose, skin I Susceptibility of Host:lower immune system, genetics, lack of sleep, inadequate nutrition, lack of exercise
Models of Nursing -10+ models developed in 1980s-2000s -focus on 4 concepts: person, environment, health, nursing *Roger's Science of Unitary Beings *Roy's Adaptation Model *Parse's Theory of Human Becoming *Orem's Self-care deficit model *Watson's theory of Car
Created by: lissy11