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research (test 2)

Nursing Research review of lit ch.7

QuestionAnswer
Review of Literature identification, analysis, and critical summary of relevant and appropriate reports related to a topic of interest -essential for conducting research, educational, administrative, clinical practice, and legislative acitivites
Where is the Review of Literature most commonly found in a Report? The Intro section
What is the purpose of a Literature Review 1. learn what is known and not known about a topic, concept, or problem; 2. identify research probz, ques., hypotheses, frameworks, designs, data col. meth, analysis meth, &ways to interpret results; 3. identify need 4 replica. or refinement of studies
How to Conduct a Review of the Literature 1. seek assistance from reference librarian 2. read a large number of related articles within the past 5 yrs., then select a few key related articles 3. start with the most recent articles, review their reference list "working backwards"
Print and Online Literature Sources books, journals (Nursing research, RN, Heart & Lung, etc), theses, dissertations, gov. documents, personal communication, letters, news, and entertainment magazines, *CINAHL, Medline, AHRQ, Sigma Theta Tau
Reference Sources: Primary Source description of a study written by the original researcher; "first hand," **essential source**
Reference Sources: Secondary source description of a study written by someone other than the original researcher; **useful source** when primary not available, to obtain another perspective (ex: summary, critique, translation, editorial, commentary of studies) **USE SPARINGLY**
Types of Research Reviews: Basic Review summary of research literature for a single report (quantitative or qualitative)
Types of Research Reviews: Meta- analysis integration of several quantitative research findings; reduction of data to provide an "average" of findings across studies
Types of Research Reviews: Metasynthesis integration of several qualitative research findings; amplification of data
Writing a Review of the Literature part 1 -describe data (subjects, methods, findings) -present from most to least relevant or chronologically from oldest to most recent -provide 1 parag. per study or 2-3 studies with familiar findings in 1 parag. -organize references
Writing a Review of the Literature part 2 -analyze and integrate findings -summarize evidence to reflect state-of-the-art knowledge base -use obj. findings, not opinion; use quotes sparingly or not at all -use paraphrasing; summarize in own words -omit plagarism -use APA format
Definition of Abstract brief, comprehensive summary of a study, article, or case study presented at the beg. of a report; generally not included in non-research oriented articles
Contents of an Abstract -problem/purpose -subjects -method -results -conclusion/implications
Created by: lissy11