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0.9% Sodium Chloride

Normal Saline

Generic Name 0.9% Sodium Chloride
Brand Name Normal Saline
Class Isotonic Crystalloid Solution
Mechanism of Action Normal saline replaces water and electrolytes.
Indications Heat-related problems (heat exhaustion, heat stroke), fresh-water drowning, hypovolemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, keep open IV.
Contraindications The use of 0.9% sodium chloride should not be considered in patients with congestive heart failure as circulatory overload can be easily induced.
Adverse Reactions Rare in theraputic dosages.
Notes on Administration None
Incompatabilities/Drug Interactions Few in emergency setting
Dose/Route In severe heat stroke, diabetic ketoacidosis, and fresh water drowning, it is likely that you will be called upon to administer the fluid quite rapidly. In other cases it is advisable to administer the fluid at moderate rate (for example, 100ml/h)
Onset of Action Rapidly
Peak Effects N/A
Duration of Action Short-term therapy
AZ Drug Box Supply Range (2) 1L bags, (1) 250ml bag, (2) 50ml bags
Created by: whitefire70