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plant terms science

plant terms

glucose simple sugar that provides plants with energy
macronutrients nutrients needed in large amounts
micronutrients nutrients needed in small amounts
dormant inactive stage of a plants like cycle
germination developement of a seed into a plant
embryo the tiny beginnings of a plant's root, stem, and leaves
seed coat the protective outer layer of a seed
endosperm tissue that provides food until photosynthesis begins
cotyledon seed leaves
fibrous root many small branching fibers which anchor monocots and absorb water & minerals
taproot/ primary root long thick root which anchors dicots
secondary root small branches extending from the taproot which increase surface area to absorb water
xylem bundles of veins that transport water upward the root
phloem bundles of veins that transport glucose down from the leaves
leaves plant part tha performs photo synthesis to produce food for the plant
sepals flower part whose role is to protect the bud
petals brightly colored flower part whose main role is to attract insects
pistil female part of a flower consisting of stigma,style, and ovary
stamen male part of a flower consisting of anther and fila ment
anther flower part that produces pollen
fila ment flower part tharsupports the anther
stigma sticky end of the pistil that collects pollen
stoma the opening in the opening surface of a leaf
style flower part that supports stigma
ovary the flower part that produces and protects ovules
ovule the female sex cell
fertilazation when a sperm nuclues unites with an egg nucleus to make an ovule
pollination transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma on a flower
self pollination transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma on the same plant
cross pollination tranfer of pollen from one plat to another
transpiration the release of water vaporfrom the stoma of plant leaves
Created by: HAMPSONMR