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speech disorders2

Communication is ________ and _________ messages Sending/receiving
What is speech? Oral expression of language; includes respiration, phonation, resonation, & articulation
What is receptive and expressive language? Receptive language is comprehension; expressive language is production
What is ASHA’s definition of Language Disorder? Impaired comprehension and/or use of spoken, written, and/or other symbol systems. The disorder may involve 1)form of language 2)content of language 3) the function of language in communication in any combination
What is language? Name the 3 aspects of language and components of each. Form- syntax (grammar), morphology (rules for deriving various word forms), phonology (sound system of language) Content- semantics (vocabulary) Use – Pragmatics (social language)
What is the first Subdomain of language and what age does it begin? Early pragmatic skills; birth
After early pragmatic skills what develops next and when does it begin? Vocabulary: end of first year of life
Name 4 early pragmatic skills Requesting objects; commenting; refusing; requesting information; answering questions; acknowledging a person’s response
How many words does a child have before producing word combinations? Name 2 different word combinations a child may use. 50; agent-action; action-object; agent-object; action-location; entity-location; possessor-possession; demonstrative-entity; attribute-entity
What is an oral narrative and expository narrative? Oral narrative- verbal telling of past experiences or telling “what happened”; expository- factual information
What type of assessment determines eligibility? Describe. Norm referenced; compares to normative sample
What is criterion referenced assessment? Performance is compared to specific skill; determines goals and objectives
Describe “mild, moderate, severe” categories of language impairment Mild- -1.25- 1.5 SD below the mean; moderate- 1.5-2.0 SD below the mean; severe- >2 SD below the mean
Besides language what areas should be assessed in an evaluation? Hearing, speech-motor; articulation; phonological skills; cognitive ability; rate & fluency of speech
Describe the steps of the assessment process Answer Screening; background information; Evaluate form, content, use; synthesize results and write report
What is objective data? Based on observation; fact (rating scales, test scores, classroom observation)
What is EBP? Why is it important? Evidence Based Practice;
What is IDEA Part B & Part C Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; Part B- school age (3-21 years); Part C- birth- 2 years – Early Childhood Intervention- free service
What is RTI? Describe 3 tiers. Response to Intervention; Tier 1- in the classroom (all kids); Tier 2- more intense; small groups several times a week; Tier 3- increase intensity, one-on-one
Name 2 ASHA dismissal standards. How do they differ from IDEA dismissal standards? No longer affects health, social, emotional, or vocational performance; no measurable progress; goals/objectives have been met; desired level of comm.; IDEA- doesn’t affect educational performance
T-F Nativist Theory believes reinforcement increases behavior False; Behaviorism
What type of intervention is common if you believe in Behaviorism? Drill and practice
What is Zone of Proximal Development? What theory is it related to? Where child demonstrates competence with minimal assistance; Sociocultural Theory
What type goals does Systems/Ecological Approach focus on? Life skills goals
Which theory believes in parent involvement? Which theory believes language development is innate? Social Interaction/Sociocultural; nativist
Describe the “Speech Chain Answers will vary
Created by: myraq