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Obstetrics

Chapter 18

QuestionAnswer
Absence of menstrual flow Amenorrhea
The inner of the two membrane layers that surround and contain the fetus and the amniotic fluid during pregnancy Amnion
A liquid produced by and contained within the fetal membranes during pregnancy Amniotic Fluid
The double layered sac that contains the fetus and the amniotic fluid during pregnancy Amniotic Sac
The darker pigmented, circular area surrounding the nipple of each breast Areola
A technique of using the examiner's finger to tap against the uterus, through the vagina, to cause the fetus to "bounce" within the amniotic fluid and feeling it rebound quickly Ballottement
Irregular, ineffective contractions of the uterus that occur throughout pregnancy Braxton Hicks Contractions
Suturing the cervix to keep it from dilating prematurely during the pregnancy "purse string procedure" Cerclage
The blueish-violet hue of the cervix and vagina after approximately the sixth week of pregnancy Chadwick's Sign
Patches of tan or brown pigmentation associated with pregnancy "mask of pregnancy" Chloasma
The outer of the two membrane layers that surround and contain the fetus and the amniotic fluid during pregnancy Chorion
Sexual intercourse "copulation" Coitus
The thin, yellowish fluid secreted by the breasts during pregnancy and the first few days after birth, before lactation begins Colostrum
The union of a male sperm and a female ovum "fertilization" Conception
A mass of yellowish tissue that forms within the ruptures ovarian follicle after ovulation Corpus Luteum
The most sever form of hypertension during pregnancy, evidenced by seizures Eclampsia
Swelling, with water retention Edema
Thinning of the cervix, which allows it to enlarge the diameter of its opening in preparation for childbirth Effacement
The name given to the product of conception from the second through the eighth week of pregnancy Embryo
The inner lining of the uterus Endometrium
A surgical procedure in which in an incision is made into the woman's perineum to enlarge the vaginal opening for delivery of the baby Episiotomy
A special stethoscope for hearing the fetal heartbeat through the mother's abdomen Fetoscope
The name given to the developing baby from approximately the eighth week after conception until birth Fetus
The finger like end of the fallopian tube Fimbriae
Superior aspect of the uterus Fundus
A mature sperm or ovum Gamete
A return, or reflux, of gastric juices into the esophagus - resulting in a burning sensation Gastroesophageal Reflux
280 days The period of intrauterine development of the fetus from conception through birth Gestation
A gamete producing gland, such as an ovary or a testis Gonads
The softening of the uterine cervix Goddell's Sign
A woman who is pregnant Gravida
Softening of the lower segment of the uterus Hegar's Sign
High blood pressure Hypertension
Low blood pressure Hypotension
The time and the process that occur during birth, from the beginning of cervical dilation to the delivery of the placenta labor
The production and secretion of milk from the female breasts as nourishment for the infant Lactation
Visualization of the abdominal cavity with an instrument called a laparoscope through an incision into the abdominal wall Laparoscopy
A white discharge from the vagina Leukorrhea
The settling of the fetal head into the pelvis Lightening
A darkened vertical midline appearing on the abdomen of a pregnant woman, extending from the fundus to the symphysis pubis Linea Nigra
A forward curvature of the spine Lordosis
A woman who has given birth two or more times after 20 weeks' gestation Multipara
A formula that is used to calculate the date of birth Nagele's Rule
The branch of medicine that specializes in the treatment and care of the disease and disorders of the new born through the first four weeks of life Neonatology
A woman who has never completed a pregnancy beyond 20 weeks' gestation Nullipara
Created by: AWasik74