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Mental Health

Mood Disorders

QuestionAnswer
Who does depression affect? 10% of population; F:M 2:1; younger women; older men; single men; married women; seasonality
What is the affect of mood disorders? emotional reaction associated with a particular experience; facial expression is blunt or flat
What is a part of the continuum of mood? clinical or major depression; Situational Depression; Dysthymia; Euthymia; Hypomania; Mania
What is in the middle and is known as "normal" in the continuum of mood strain? Euthymia
What are some examples used for diagnosing major depression? depressed mood; diminished interest pleasure; >5% weight change in one month; daily insomnia or hypersomnia; behavioral agitation or retardation; feelings of worthlessness or guilt; inability to concentrate; recurrent thoughts of death
Who many symptoms must occur and for how long to be diagnosed as major depression? five or more lasting for a two week period
ALL must be true when diagnosing for major depression? no episodes of mania or hypomanina or else it becomes bipolar; significant distress or impairment in life roles; symptoms not related to drugs; symptoms not related to bereavement
What are some examples used for diagnosing Dysthymia? appetite changes; sleep changes; low energy/fatigue; low self-esteem; poor concentration; hopelessness
Who many symptoms do you need to have to be diagnosed with Dysthymia and for how long? two or more symptoms and for at least two years
What is bipolar disorder? extreme mood swings from severe mania to severe depression
What is a manic episode? abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood lasting >1wk
What are some symptoms of a manic episode? inflated self-esteem; decreased need for sleep; pressured speech; flight of ideas; distractibility; increased activity; increased in pleasurable activities
What is Bipolar I? current or previous episode of mania; may or may not have hx of depression.
What is Bipolar II? recurrent bouts of depression; episodic bouts of hypomania.
What is Cyclothymic Disorder? 2 year history of depressive/hypomanic episodes; no major depression or manic episodes; no other DSM dx; symptoms not due to drugs; symptoms cause significant distress
What is hypomania? person who has lots of energy, doesn't need much sleep but does not have insomnia, bright, creative, productive, easily distracted IE Robin Williams
Freud's theory on depression. psychoanalytic: thought when people became dressed its' because of a loss
Meloncalia anger turned inward
Seligman's theory on depression. IE of dogs in the box with shocks on the ground. learned helplessness. when in situation where what ever you do will cause punishment, it ultimately causes depression
Beck's cognitive theory of depression. negative expectations in the environment, of the self and of the future. operates on the assumption that we can teach people to recognize these thoughts and stop them.
Nursing interventions when client is diagnosed with depression. ask them if they want to hurt themselves or anyone else today. help them. be there for them. help with meds
What is Transcranial Magnet Therapy? newer treatment. use magnets to deliver short bursts to brain, does not create convulsions, not too common
What is the the benefit of psychotherapy? helps teach coping skills
What are Kubler-Ross stages of grief? denial anger bargaining depression acceptance
What is distorted grief? person is stuck in the anger phase cultural deviations may make this hard to label (what are the norms for certain cultures)
Created by: vjkyle