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Research Exam 1

QuestionAnswer
Parts of a Research Study Title, abstract, introduction, purpose statement, lit review/theoretical framework, hypothesis/research question, methods, results/findings
Parts of Methods of a research study design, sample, procedures, instruments, ethics
Parts of results/findings data analysis, discussion/conclusions, recommendations, implications, references
Key components to EBP clinical evidence/research; pt preferences; clinical expertise
BSN nurse role expectations with respect to nursing research consumer; team member; producer
Research study purpose aim or goal the researcher hope to achieve; suggest type of design; imply level of evidence to be obtained
Research study knowledge development
Conceptual definition general meaning of a concept
Operational definition the measurements used to observe or measure a variable
Empirical definition obtaining evidence or objective data
Quantitative research numeric data; test hypotheses; describe/test relationships (cause-effect); p value "statistics"
Qualitative research data are words; seeks understanding about meaning of human experience; grounded study; phenomenonology = key words; context
Review of literature to develop strong knowledge base to carry out a research study or an EBP project
Review of literature contributes to most steps of the research process develop conceptual/theoretical framework (primary et secondary sources); problem statement et hypothesis refinement; methodology (design, sample, instruments, procedure); outcome et analysis
refereed journals peer-reviewed, blind review by external reviewer(s); judged c a set of criteria
Symbols
Independent variable (IV) X; the variable that has the presumed effect on the dependent variable (DV); IT IS MANIPULATED (INTERVENTION) OR NOT MANIPULATED (PLACEBO)
Dependent variable (DV) Y; the presumed effect that varies with a change in the IV; NOT MANIPULATED
Extraneous variables characteristics not under study in a particular research project, but which have the potential of affecting the results of the study; a.k.a. confounding variables
hypothesis statements formal statement of the expected relationship(s) b/w 2+ variables in a specified population that suggests an answer to the research question. statement that PREDICTS the outcomes of a study
casual hypothesis cause et effect vs. associative
simple hypothesis relationship b/w 2 variables
complex hypothesis relationship b/w 3+ variables
directional hypothesis states which way the relationship should exist
nondirectional hypothesis states the relationship exists, but no teh direction
null (H0) hypothesis statistical hypothesis
research (H1 or Hx) hypothesis directional or nondirectional; alternative hypothesis
feasibility of hypothesis time, money, expertise, access to subjects, facilities et equipment, is it ethical?
wording the hypothesis variables to be tested; population to be studied; design to be used (may be implied); outcomes predicted
Steps of EBP ask clinical question; systematic search of literature; critical appraisal of the research et synthesis of findings; integrate evidence, clinical expertise et pt preference to implement a decision; evaluate the outcome
levels of evidence level I best evidence
PICO format Pt or pt info (situation); Intervention; comparison; outcome
ACE star model DISCOVERY (RESEARCH); summary; translation; integration; evaluation
given a title, determine if an article is conceptual or empirical
given a title, determine if a study is quantitative or qualitative
library techniques (includes journal types, search strategies, databases, etc.)
Boolean connection and, or, not, near, adjacent
Created by: kdrummond08