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science defin 1

ch 7 science definitions

QuestionAnswer
CELL THEORY THREE STATEMENTS THAT DEFINE ALL LIVING THINGS IN TERMS OF CELLS. 1. ALL ORGANISMS ARE MADE OF ONE OR MORE CELLS. 2. THE CELL IS THE BASIC UNIT OF ALL LIVING THINGS 3. ALL CELLS COME FROM EXISTING CELLS
CELL SMALLEST LIVING UNIT OF AN ORGANISM; MEMBRANE-COVERED STRUCTURES THAT CONTAIN ALL THE MATERIALS NECESSARY FOR LIFE
TISSUE A GROUP OF SIMILAR CELLS THAT WORK TOGETHER TO PERFORM A SPECIFIC JOB
ORGAN TWO OR MORE TISSUES WORK TOGETHER TO PERFORM A SPECIFIC JOB
ORGAN SYSTEM GROUPS OF ORGANS THAT WORK TOGETHER TO PERFORM SPECIFIC JOBS
ORGANISM ANYTHING THAT CAN INDEPENDENTLY CARRY OUT LIFE'S PROCESSES
MULTI CELLULAR MEANS "MANY CELLS"
UNICELLULAR ONE CELL
FUNCTION THE JOB THE PART DOES
STRUCTURE THE SHAPE OF A PART AND THE MATERIAL IS MADE OF
PROKARYOTE ORGANISMS THAT DO NOT HAVE A NUCLEUS
EUKARYOTE ORGANISMS WHOSE CELLS HAVE A NUCLEUS; MOST VISIBLE ORGANISMS ARE EUKARYOTES EX: ANIMALS, PLANTS
EUBACTERIA MOST COMMON TYPE OF BACTERIA; SMALLER THAN EUKARYOTIC CELLS; NO NUCLEUS, NO MEMBRANE ORGANELLES, LIVE MOST ANYWHERE; SINGLE CELLED; DNA FORMS LOOPS; HELPS MAKE PICKLES AND YOGURT
ARCHAEBACTERIA NOT AS COMMON AS EUBACTERIA; SINGLE CELLED; NO NUCLEUS AND NO MEMBRANE BOUND ORGANELLES;
3 TYPES OF ARCHAEBACTERIA HEAT LOVING, SALT-LOVING, METHANE PRODUCING
EUKARYOTIC LARGEST CELLS, (10 TIMES LARGER THAN MOST BACTERIA) HAVE A NUCLEUS
AUTOTROPH ORGANISM THAT MAKES ITS OWN FOOD; EX- PLANTS & ALGAE
HETEROTROPH ORGANISMS WHOSE FOOD SOURCE IS OTHER ORGANISMS; EX: ANIMALS, FUNGI, BACTERIA
3 TYPES OF PLANT TISSUE TRANSPORT, GROUND, & PROTECTIVE TISSUE
ROBERT HOOKE NAMED THE LITTLE BOXES HE SAW IN CORK "CELL" AFTER SEEING THEM UNDER MICROSCOPE
RUDOLF VIRCHOW SCIENTIST WHO STATED THAT ALL CELLS COME FROM EXISTING CELLS
BIOTIC PERTAINS TO A LIVING THING AS WELL AS ITS PRODUCTS (PLANT, ANIMAL, FUNGUS)
ABIOTIC NON-LIVING EX-LIGHT, TEMPERATURE, WIND, ROCKS
ASEXUAL TYPE OF REPRODUCTION THAT REQUIRES ONLY ONE PARENT AND DOES NOT MIX GENETIC MATERIAL
SEXUAL WHEN TWO PARENT CELLS JOIN TOGETHER TO FORM A NEW CELL
ENVIRONMENT EVERYTHING THAT AFFECTS AN ORGANISM
ECOLOGY STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ORGANISMS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT
ORGANISM ANYTHING THAT CAN INDEPENDENTLY CARRY OUT LIFE'S PROCESSES
POPULATION A GROUP OF SIMILAR ORGANISMS THAT SHARE THE SAME AREA
COMMUNITY DIFFERENT POPULATIONS THAT LIVE IN THE SAME AREA
ECOSYSTEM A COMMUNITY TOGETHER WITH ITS NONLIVING ENVIRONMENT
BIOSPHERE ALL OF THE ECOSYSTEMS ON EARTH
Created by: tammyseiler