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skin alterations

The Child with an Integumentary Alteration

QuestionAnswer
alopecia hair loss
debridement removal of foreign material and divitalized or contaminated tissue from a traumatic or infected lesion to expose healthy tissue
desquamation sloughing of the skin in scales or sheets; can lead to loss of the deeper skin layers
ecchymosis discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes caused by leakage of blood into the subcutaneous tissue
erythema redness of the skin
eschar dark plaque associated with tissuenecrosis, which can form an inelastic shell over wounds
excoriation scratch or abrasion of the skin
hydrotherapy therapy entailing water soaks to clean wounds, which removes old dressings and softens dead tissue for easier removal
intertrigo maceration of two closely apposed skin surfaces
keratosis overgrowth and thickening of the cornified epithelium
lichenification thickening and hardening of the skin with accentuation of skin markings; often the result of chronic scratching
pediculocide an agent used to destroy lice
petechiae tiny, flat, purplish red spots on the skin surface resulting from minute hemorrhages within the dermis
pruritus itching
urticaria (hives) vascular reaction of the skin characterized by pruritic wheals, often caused by allergy or emotional stress
wood light ultraviolet light used to help diagnose fluorescent skin lesions, including some superficial fungal infections
Created by: janagooden