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GRE词汇20

美国凯奥教育中心

QuestionAnswer
specifics [spi'sifiks] n.细小问题,细节
specimen ['spesimən] n.范例,样品,标本
specious ['spi:ʃəs] a.似是而非的;华而不实的
speck [spek] n.斑点;少量
spectacular [spek'tækjulə] a.壮观的,引人入胜的
spectator [spek'teitə] n.观众,观看者
specter ['spektə] n.鬼魂,幽灵;恐惧
spectral ['spektrəl] a.幽灵的
spectrum ['spektrəm] n.光谱;范围
speculate ['spekju`leit] v.沉思,思索;投机
speculative ['spekjulətiv] a.投机的;推理的,思索的
spell [spel] n.连续的一段时间
spendthrift ['spend`θrift] adj./n.挥金如土的(人)
spike [spaik] n.长钉,大钉
spin [spin] v.旋转;纺,纺纱;n.旋转
spindly ['spindli] a.细长的,纤弱的
spineless ['spainlis] a.没骨气的,懦弱的
spiny ['spaini] a.针状的;多刺的,棘手的
spire ['spaiə] n.(教堂)尖顶
spiritual ['spiritjuəl] a.精神的
spite [spait] n.怨恨,恶意
spleen [spli:n] n.怨怒
splendor ['splendə] n.壮丽;辉煌
splice [splais] v.接合,衔接
splint [splint] n.(固定断骨的)夹板,托板
split [split] n./v.分裂,裂开
splurge [splə:dʒ] n.炫耀,摆阔
spoil [spɔil] v.损坏,破坏;溺爱
spoke [spəuk] n.(车轮上)辐条
spongy ['spʌndʒi] a.像海绵的;不坚实的
spontaneity [`spɔntə'ni:iti] n.自然,自发
spontaneous [spɔn'teinjəs] a.自发的;自然的
spoof [spu:f] v.揶揄,嘲讽
sporadic [spə'rædik] a.不定时发生的
sport [spɔ:t] v.炫耀,卖弄
sprain [sprein] v.扭伤
sprawling ['sprɔ:liŋ] a.植物蔓生的,(城市)无计划地扩展的
sprig [sprig] n.嫩枝,小枝
sprightly ['spraitli] a.愉快的,活泼的
sprout [spraut] v.长出,萌芽;n.嫩芽
spruce [spru:s] n.云杉;a.整洁的
spur [spə:] v.刺激,激励;用马刺刺马
spurious ['spjuəriəs] a.假的;伪造的
squabble ['skwɔbl] n.争吵
squalid ['skwɔlid] a.污秽的,肮脏的
squall [skwɔ:l] n.短暂、突然且猛烈的风暴;短暂的骚动
squalor ['skwɔlə] n.不洁,污秽
squander ['skwɔndə] v.浪费,挥霍
square [skwɛə] v.一致,符合;结清
squash [skwɔʃ] v.压碎,挤压;n.南瓜
squat [skwɔt] v.蹲下;a.矮胖的
squeeze [skwi:z] v.压,挤;n.压榨,紧握
squelch [skweltʃ] v.压制,镇压
squint [skwint] v.斜视
squirrel ['skwirəl] n.松鼠
staccato [stə'kɑ:təu] a.(音乐)断音的,不连贯的
stagnant ['stægnənt] a.停滞的
staid [steid] a.稳重的,沉着的
stain [stein] v.玷污;染色
stake [steik] n.柱桩;赌注
stale [steil] a.不新鲜的,陈腐的
stalemate ['steil'meit] n.和棋局面,僵局
stalk [stɔ:k] v.隐伏跟踪(猎物)
stall [stɔ:l] v.使停止,使延迟
stalwart ['stɔ:lwət] a.健壮的,坚定的
stammer ['stæmə] v.口吃,结巴
stamp [stæmp] v./n.跺脚;在…上盖印
stance [stæns] n.站姿;立场
stanch [stɑ:ntʃ] v.制止(血液),止住
stanza ['stænzə] n.(诗)节,段
staple ['steipl] n.主要产品
starchy ['stɑ:tʃi] a.含淀粉的;刻板的
stark [stɑ:k] a.(外表)僵硬的;完全的
startle ['stɑ:tl] v.使吃惊
stasis ['steisis] n.停滞
static ['stætik] a.静态的,呆板的
stationary ['steiʃənəri] a.静止的,不动的
statuary ['stætjuəri] n.雕像;雕塑艺术
stature ['stætʃə] n.身高,身材
status ['steitəs] n.身分,地位
statute ['stætju:t] n.法规,法令
statutory ['stætjut(ə)ri] a.法定的;受法令所约束的
steadfast ['sted`fəst] a.忠实的;不变的
stealth [stelθ] n.秘密的行动
steep [sti:p] v.浸泡,浸透
steer [stiə] v.操舵,驾驶;n.公牛,食用牛
stellar ['stelə] a.星的,星球的
stem [stem] n.(植物的)茎,叶柄;v.阻止,遏制(水流等)
stench [stentʃ] n.臭气,恶臭(stink)
stencil ['stensl] n.(用以刻写图案、文字的)模板;v.用模板刻写
stentorian [sten'tɔ:riən] a.(指声音)极响亮的
stereotype ['stiəriəutaip] n.固定形式,老套
sterile ['sterail] a.贫瘠且无植被的;不孕的;无细菌的
sterilize ['sterilaiz] v.使不育;杀菌
stern [stə:n] n.船尾
stethoscope ['steθəskəup] n.听诊器
stickler ['stiklə] n.坚持细节之人
stiff [stif] a.僵直的,呆板的,严厉的
stifle ['staifl] v.感到窒息;抑止
stigma ['stigmə] n.耻辱的标志,污点
stigmatize ['stigmətaiz] v.污蔑,玷污
stilted ['stiltid] a.(文章,谈话)不自然的;夸张的
stimulant ['stimjulənt] n.兴奋剂,刺激物
stimulus ['stimjuləs] n.刺激物,激励
sting [stiŋ] v.刺痛;叮螫;n.螫刺
stinginess ['stiŋinis] n.小气
stingy ['stindʒi] a.吝啬的,小气的
stint [stint] v.吝惜,节省
stipple ['stipl] v.点画,点描
stipulate ['stipjuleit] v.要求以…为条件;约定
stipulation [`stipju'leiʃən] n.规定,约定
stir [stə:] v.刺激
stitch [stitʃ] n.(缝纫时的)一针,一钩;v.缝合
stock [stɔk] a.普通的,惯用的;n.存货
stockade [stɔ'keid] n.栅栏,围栏
stocky ['stɔki] a.矮胖的,粗壮的
stodgy ['stɔdʒi] a.乏味的
stoic ['stəuik] n.坚忍克己之人
stoke [stəuk] v.给…添加燃料
stolid ['stɔlid] a.无动于衷的
stomach ['stʌmək] v.吃得下;容忍
stonewall [`stəun'wɔ:l] v.拖延议事,设置障碍
stout [staut] a.肥胖的;强壮的
stowaway ['stəuə`wei] n.(藏于轮船、飞机中的)偷乘者
straightforward [`streit'fɔ:wəd] a.正直的;易懂的;直截了当的
strait [streit] n.海峡;a.狭窄的
strand [strænd] n.绳线的一股;v.搁浅
stranded ['strændid] a.搁浅的,进退两难的
stratagem ['strætidʒəm] n.谋略,策略
stratify ['strætifai] v.(使)层化
stratum ['streitəm] n.地层;社会阶层
stray [strei] v.偏离,迷路;a.迷了路的;零落的
streak [stri:k] n.线条,条纹;v.加线条
stream [stri:m] n.小溪;水流;v.倾注,涌流
stretch [stretʃ] v.变长;伸展
strew [stru:] v.撒,散播
striate ['straieit] v.在…加上条纹
striated ['straieitid] a.有条纹的
stricture ['striktʃə] n.严厉谴责;束缚
stride [straid] v.大步行走
strident ['straidnt] a.尖声的,刺耳的
strife [straif] n.纷争,冲突
striking ['straikiŋ] a.引人注目的,明显的
stringent ['strindʒənt] a.(规定)严格的,苛刻的;缺钱的
strip [strip] v.剥去;n.狭长的一片
strive [straiv] v.奋斗,努力
stroke [strəuk] v.抚摸;n.击,打;一笔
stroll [strəul] v.漫步,闲逛
strut [strʌt] v.趾高气扬地走;n.支柱
stubborn ['stʌbən] a.固执的;难以改变的
studied ['stʌdid] a.慎重的;认真习得的
stuffy ['stʌfi] a.(空气)不新鲜的,闷气的
stultify ['stʌltifai] v.使变得荒谬可笑;使无用
stunning ['stʌniŋ] a.极富魅力的
stunt [stʌnt] v.阻碍(成长);n.特技,绝技
stupor ['stju:pə] n.昏迷,不醒人事
sturdy ['stə:di] a.(身体)强健的;结实的
stutter ['stʌtə] n./v.口吃,结巴
stygian ['stidʒiən] a.阴暗的,阴森森的
stylus ['stailəs] n.铁笔
stymie ['staimi] v.妨碍,阻挠
subdue [sʌb'dju:] v.征服;压制;减轻
subdued [sʌb'djud] a.(光和声)柔和的,缓和的;(人)温和的
subject ['sʌbdʒikt] n.受支配的人,隶属
subjective [sʌb'dʒektiv] a.主观的,想象的
subjugate ['sʌbdʒugeit] v.征服,镇压
sublime [sə'blaim] a.崇高的
subliminal [sʌb'liminl] a.潜意识的
submission [səb'miʃən] n.恭顺
submit [səb'mit] v.屈服;提交,呈递
suborn [sʌ'bɔ:n] v.收买,贿赂
subpoena [səb'pi:nə] n.(法律)传票;v.传讯
subsequent ['sʌbsikwənt] a.随后的,后来的,连续的
subside [səb'said] v.(建筑物等)下陷
subsidiary [səb'sidjəri] a.辅助的;次要的
subsidy ['sʌbsidi] n.补助金
subsistence [sʌb'sistəns] n.生存,生计;存在
substance ['sʌbstəns] n.大意,根据,实质;物质
substantial [səb'stænʃəl] a.坚固的,结实的;实质的
substantiate [səbs'tænʃieit] v.证实,确证
substantive ['sʌbstəntiv] a.根本的;独立存在的
substitute ['sʌbstitju:t] n.代替品;v.代替
subsume [sʌb'sju:m] v.包含,包容
subterfuge ['sʌbtəfju:dʒ] n.诡计,托辞
subterranean [sʌbtə'reiniən] a.地下的
subtle ['sʌtl] a.微妙的,精巧的
subtract [səb'trækt] v.减去,减掉
subversive [sʌb'və:siv] a.颠覆性的,破坏性的
subvert [səb'və:t] v.颠覆,推翻
succinct [sək'siŋkt] a.简明的,简洁的
succor ['sʌkə] v./n.救助,援助
succumb [sə'kʌm] v.屈从;因…死亡
suffice [sə'fais] v.足够,(食物)满足
sufficient [sə'fiʃənt] a.足够的
suffocate ['sʌfəkeit] v.(使)窒息而死
suffrage ['sʌfridʒ] n.选举权,投票权
suffragist ['sʌfrədʒist] n.参政权扩大论者;妇女政权论者
suffuse [sə'fju:z] v.(色彩等)弥漫,染遍
suggestive [sə'dʒestiv] a.暗示的
suitcase ['sju:tkeis] n.手提箱,箱子
sulky ['sʌlki] a.生气的
sullen ['sʌlən] a.忧郁的
sultry ['sʌltri] a.闷热的;(人)风骚的
summarily ['sʌmərəli] adv.概括地;仓促地
summary ['sʌməri] n.摘要,概要;a.摘要的,简略的
summation [sʌ'meiʃən] n.总结,概要;总数,合计
summon ['sʌmən] v.召见;召集
sumptuous ['sʌmptjuəs] a.豪华的,奢侈的
sunder ['sʌndə] v.分裂,分离
superb [sju:'pə:b] a.上乘的,出色的
supercilious [`sju:pə'siliəs] a.目中无人的
superficial [`sju:pə'fiʃəl] a.表面的,肤浅的
superficiality [sju:pə`fiʃi'æliti] n.浅薄
superfluity [`sju:pə'fluiti] n.多余的量
superfluous [sju:'pə:fluəs] a.多余的,累赘的
superimpose ['sju:pərim'pəuz] v.加在上面
superintend [`sju:pərin'tend] v.监督
superiority [sju:piəri'ɔriti] n.优越(感)
supernova [`sju:pə'nəuvə] n.超新星
supersede [`sju:pə'si:d] v.淘汰,取代
supervise ['sju:pəvaiz] v.监督,管理
supine [sju:'pain] a.仰卧的;懒散的
supplant [sə'plɑ:nt] v.排挤,取代
supple ['sʌpl] a.伸屈自如的
supplement ['sʌplimənt] v./n.增补,补充
suppliant ['sʌpliənt] a.恳求的,哀求的;n.恳求者
supplicant ['sʌplikənt] n.乞求者,恳求者
supplicate ['sʌplikeit] v.恳求,乞求
supremacy [sju'preməsi] n.至高无上,霸权
supreme [sju:'pri:m] a.至高的;极度的
surcharge [sə:'tʃɑ:dʒ] v.对…收取额外费用;n.附加费
surfeit ['sə:fit] n.(食物)过量,过度;v.使过量
surge [sə:dʒ] v.波涛汹涌,波动
surgeon ['sə:dʒən] n.外科医师;军医,船上的医生
surly ['sə:li] a.脾气暴躁的;阴沉的
surmise ['sə:maiz] n.推测,猜测;v.推测
surmount [sə'maunt] v.克服,战胜
surpass [sə:'pɑ:s] v.超过
surplus ['sə:pləs] a.过剩的;盈余的
surrealism [sə'riəliz(ə)m] n.超现实主义
surrender [sə'rendə] v.投降;放弃;归还
surreptitious [`sʌrəp'tiʃəs] a.鬼鬼祟祟的
surrogate ['sʌrəgit] n.代替品;代理人
surveyor [sə'veiə] n.测量员
survive [sə'vaiv] v.幸存
susceptibility [sə`septə'biliti] n.易感性
susceptible [sə'septəbl] a.易受影响的,脆弱的
suspect [səs'pekt] v.怀疑;n.嫌疑犯;a.可疑的
suspend [səs'pend] v.暂缓,中止;吊,悬
suspense [səs'pens] n.悬念;挂念
suspicion [səs'piʃən] n.怀疑,觉察,嫌疑
suspicious [səs'piʃəs] a.怀疑的
sustain [səs'tein] v.承受(困难),支撑(重量)
sustained [səs'teind] a.持久的,经久不衰的
sustenance ['sʌstinəns] n.食物,粮食;生计
suture ['sju:tʃə] n.(伤口的)缝线;v.缝合
svelte [svelt] a.(女人)体态苗条的
swagger ['swægə] v.大摇大摆地走
swallow [swɔləu] v.吞下,咽下;忍受
swamp [swɔmp] n.沼泽;v.使陷入;淹没
sway [swei] v.摇动,摇摆;影响使改变;n.摇动
swell [swel] v.肿胀,增强
sweltering ['sweltəriŋ] a.酷热的
swerve [swə:v] v.突然改变方向
swift [swift] a.迅速的;敏捷的
swill [swil] v.冲洗;痛饮
swindle ['swindl] v.诈骗
swine [swain] n.猪
swing [swiŋ] v.摇摆;旋转;n.秋千
swirl [swə:l] v.旋转;n.漩
sybarite ['sibərait] n.奢侈逸乐的人
sybaritic [`sibə'ritik] a.放纵的
sycophant ['sikəfənt] n.马屁精
syllabus ['siləbəs] n.教学纲要
symbiosis [`simbai'əusis] n.共生(关系)
symmetry ['simitri] n.对称;均衡
symphony ['simfəni] n.交响乐,交响曲
synchronous ['siŋkrənəs] a.同时发生的
syndrome ['sindrəum] n.综合症状
synergic [si'nə:dʒik] a.协同作用的
synopsis [si'nɔpsis] n.摘要,概要
synoptic [si'nɔptik] a.摘要的
synthesis ['sinθisis] n.综合,合成
syringe ['sirindʒ] n.注射器
table ['teibl] v.搁置,不加考虑
taboo [tə'bu:] a.讳忌的;n.禁忌
tacit ['tæsit] a.心照不宣的
taciturn ['tæsitə:n] a.沉默寡言的
tackiness ['tækinis] n.胶粘性
tackle ['tækl] v.处理;n.滑车
tact [tækt] n.机智;圆滑
tactic ['tæktik] n.(达到目的的)手段;战术
tactile ['tæktail] a.有触觉的
tadpole ['tædpəul] n.蝌蚪
tag [tæg] n.鞋带;附属物,标签
taking ['teikiŋ] a.楚楚动人的
talisman ['tælizmən] n.避邪物,护身符
tally ['tæli] v.(使)一致,符合
talon ['tælən] n.猛禽的锐爪
tambourine [`tæmbə'ri:n] n.铃鼓,手鼓
Created by: markclass