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Postpartum Adaptatio

Definitions for Postpartum Adaptations

afterpains cramping pain after childbirth, caused by alternating relaxation and contraction of uterine muscles
atony absence or lack of usual muscle tone
attachment development of strong affectional ties as a result of interaction between an infant and a significant other
bonding or claiming or binding in development of a strong emotional tie of a parent to a newborn
catabolism a process that converts living cells into simpler compounds. Involved in involution (normal changes) of the uterus after childbirth
decidua the endometrium during pregnancy. All except the deepest layer that is shed after childbirth
diastasis recti separation of the longitudinal muscles of the abdomen (rectus abdominis)during pregnancy
dyspareunia difficult or painful coitus in women
en face position that allows eye-to-eye contact between the newbord and a parent
engorgement swelling or the breasts resulting from increased blood flow, edema, and the presence of milk
engrossment intense fascination and close face-to-face observation between father and newborn
entrainment newborn movement in rhythm with adult speech, particularly high-pitched tones, whichare more easily heard
episiotomy surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vaginal opening
fingertipping first tactile experience between mother and newborn. the mother explores the infant's body with her fingertips only
fourth trimester first 12 weeks after birth, a time of transition for parents and siblings
fundus part of the uterus that is farthest from the cervix, above the openings of the fallopian tubes
involution retrogressive changes that return the reproductive organs, particularly the uterus, to their nonpregnant size and condition
kegel exercises alternate contracting and relaxing of the pelvic floor muscles to strengthen them
lactation secretion of milk from the breasts. also describes the period of time of breastfeeding
letting-go a phase of maternal adaptation that involves relinquishing previous roles and assuming a new role as a parent
lochia rubra red vaginal discharge that occurs immediately after childbirth; composed mostly of blood
lochia alba white, cream-colored, or light yellow vaginal discharge that follows lochia serosa
lochia serosa pink or brown-tinted vaginal discharge that follows lochia rubra; composed largely of serous exudate, blood and leukocytes
milk-ejection reflex or letdown reflex release of milk from the alveoli into the ducts
oxytocin posterior pituitary hormone that stimulates uterine contractions and the milk-ejection reflex. Also can be prepared synthetically
postpartum blues temporary, self-limited period of weepiness experienced by many new mothers beginning in the 1st week after childbirth
prolactin anterior pituitary hormone that promotes growth of breast tissue and stimulates production of milk
puerperium period from the end of childbirth until involution of the reproductive organs is complete, approximately 6 weeks
recriprical bonding behaviors repertoire of infant behaviors that promotes attachment between parent and newborn
REEDA Acronym for redness, ecchymosis, edema, discharge, and approximation. Useful for assessing wound healing or the presence of inflamation or infection
sibling rivalry feelings of jealousy and fear of replacement when a young child must share parental attention with a newborn infant
subinvolution delayed return of the uterus to its nonpregnan sixe and consistency
taking hold second phase of maternal adaptation, during which the mother assumes control of her own care and initiates care of the infant
taking in first phase of maternal adaptation, during which the mother passively accepts care and comfort and details about the newborn
Created by: janagooden