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# Nurs 230 Final Exam

### Dosage Calculations: All of the "need to know info," and then some.

What is the base unit of weight in the metric system? gram (p. 61)
How many micrograms are in a milligram? 1 mg = 1,000 mcg (p.61)
How many milligrams are in a gram? 1 g = 1,000 mg (p.61)
How many micrograms are in a gram? 1 g = 1,000,000 mcg (p.61)
How many grams are in a milligram? 1 mg = 0.001 g (p. 61)
How many milligrams are in a microgram? 1 mcg = 0.001 mg (p. 61)
How many grams are in a kilogram? 1 kg = 1,000 g (p. 61)
What is the base unit of length in the metric system? meter (p. 61)
How many centimeters are in a meter? 1 m = 100 cm (p. 61)
How many millimeters are in a meter? 1 m = 1,000 mm (p. 61)
How many centimeters are in a millimeter? 1 mm = 0.1cm (p. 61)
1 meter is approximately ____ yard(s). 1 meter is approximately 1 yard.
One yard is equal to _____ inche(s), and _____ centimeter(s). One yard is equal to 36 inches, and 91.5 centimeters. (notes)
One inch is equal to _____ centimeter(s)-ish One inch is equal to 2.5 centimeters-ish (notes)
1 T (tablespoon) = ____ t (teaspoon) 1 T = 3 t (p. 66)
1 fl oz = ___ T 1 fl oz = 2 T (p. 66)
1 cup = ___ fl oz 1 cup = 8 fl oz (p. 66)
1 pt = ___ cups 1 pt = 2 cups (p. 66)
1 qt = ___ pt 1 qt = 2 pt (p. 66)
1 lb = ___ oz 1 lb = 16 oz (p. 66)
1 qt = ___ oz 1 qt = 2 pt = 4 cups = 32 oz (p. 66)
What is the base unit of volume in the metric system? liter (p. 66)
1 L = ___ ml 1 L = 1,000 ml (p. 66)
1 pt = ___ ml 1 pt = 500 ml-ish (notes)
1 fl oz = ___ ml 1 oz = 30 ml-ish (notes)
1 cup = ___ ml Book: 1 cup = 250 ml Notes: 1 cup = 240 ml (what we will use)
1 t = ___ ml 1 t = 5 ml (notes)
1 T = ___ ml 1 T = 3 t = 15 ml (notes)
What does IM stand for? intramuscular (p. 118)
What does IV stand for? intravenous (p. 118)
What does IV PB stand for? intravenous piggyback (p. 118)
What does subcut stand for? subcutaneous (p. 118)
What does SL stand for? sublingual, under the tongue (p. 118)
What does ID stand for? intradermal (p. 118)
What does GT stand for? gastronomy tube (p. 118)
What does NG stand for? nasogastric tube (p. 118)
What does NJ stand for? nasojejunal tube (p. 118)
What does p.o. stand for? by mouth, orally (p. 118)
What does p.r. stand for? per rectum, rectally (p. 118)
What does a.c. stand for? before meals (p. 118)
What does p.c. stand for? after meals (p. 118)
What does ad. lib. stand for? as desired, freely (p. 118)
What does p.r.n. stand for? when necessary (p. 118)
What does stat stand for? immediately, at once (p. 118)
What does b.i.d. stand for? twice a day (p. 118)
What does t.i.d. stand for? three times a day (p. 118)
What does q.i.d. stand for? four times a day (p. 118)
What does min stand for? minute (p. 118)
What are the Six Rights of safe and accurate medication administration? Right: patient, drug, amount, route, time, documentation (p. 119)
What does h stand for? hour
What does q.h. stand for? every hour
What does q.4h stand for? every four hours
What does q stand for? every
What does qs stand for? every second...j/k. really, it's quantity sufficient
What does aq stand for? water (think aqueous)
What does NPO stand for? NOTHING by mouth (nothing p.o.)
What does gtt stand for? drop
What does tab stand for? tablet
What does cap stand for? capsule
What does et stand for? and (et all)
What does noct stand for? night
2% Lidocaine contains _g / __mL 2g/100ml
30 U of 70-30 Insulin would have how much NPH? %70 of 30 U, which is 21 U (Remember that the larger number is always the longer lasting)
2:100 = _g/___mL = _% 2:100 = 2g/100mL = 2%
1gr = __mg 1gr = 60mL (turns out we do need to know this...wtf)
gr(1/6) = __mg gr(1/6) = 10mg
1 qt = __ cups 1 qt = 4 cups
Who is a jack-ass? Jason is a jack-ass.
What terms do we use to express the drip factor? The drip factor is expressed in gtts/mL (drops per milliliter)
What terms do we use to express the drip rate? The drip rate is expressed in terms of gtts/min
What terms do we use to express the infusion rate? The infusion rate is expressed in terms of mL/hour