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Diabetes study

QuestionAnswer
Risk for DM Family history, Obesity, Ethnicity, Age, Hypertension, Lipid Profile elevated, Gestational Diabetes in the past.
Obesity 20% or more over desired weight, or BMI of 27 or more
Race/Ethnicity Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asians, and Pacific Islanders are at greater risk.
Age 45 and older at greater risk
Lipid Profile HDL of 35 or less and triglycerides of 250 0r more at greater risk
Insulin produced by.... Beta cells in the islets of langerhans in the pancreas
Insulin is an ______ or storage hormone. Anabolic
Glucose store in the liver and muscle is known as Glycogen
Insulin signals the liver to ..... stop the release of glucose
Insulin enhances storage of dietary fat in..... adipose tissue
Insulin accelerates transport of..... amino acids into the cells
Insulin inhibits the breakdown of... stored glucose, protein and fat.
Glucagon stimulates the liver to release glucosewhen levels are decreased
DKA is caused by.... Keytone accumulation, keytones are the product of fat breakdown resulting from lack of insulin
DKA s/s abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, hyperventilation, fruity breath.
Untreated DKA can result in altered LOC, coma, death
Metabolic syndrome hypertension, hypercholesteremia, abdominal obesity
In type 2 diabetes,insuklin secretion is..... impaired
Type2 Diabetes s/s fatigue, irrateability, polyuria, polydypsia, slowed healing, vaginal infections, blurred vision.
complications of undetected/untreated type 2 diabetes eye disease, peripheral neuropathy, periferal vascular disease
polyuria is increased urination r/t.... osmotic diuresis
polyphagia is excessive hunger r/t the catabolic state induced by in sulin deficiency and the breakdown of peoteins and fats
polydypsia is excessive thirst r/t osotic diuresis
Created by: sandjlambert1