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Infancy

Foundations book

QuestionAnswer
The skull and ? are much more predominate. Chest
The extremities are ? Short
The ? is the fastest growing area during the first year. Trunk
The trunk accounts for ___% of the increase in body length during infancy. 60
Teeth being to erupt at approximately what age? 6 months
Transport in child carrier facing in rear of the car birth to ? 20lbs
Do not begin dental health no later than what age? 2 1\2
2 1\2 Years of age is the average age in which decidous dentition is? complete
Is a tooth decay that is the result of prolonged nursing after the infant has been put to bed, when the milk, juice or other fluid is allowed to bathe in the teeth,providing sugar to oral bacteria for growth. Nursing bottle caries
Clean oral cavity in infancy by wiping the teeth and gums with? damp washcloth
What vaccine do babies get at birth? Hepatitis B
The rotavirus is first given at? 6 weeks
Haemophilus influenzae is first given at what age? 6 Weeks
Pneumococcal is first given at what age? 6 Weeks
Inactivated poliovirus is first given at what age? 6 weeks
Measels, Mumps, Rubella, is all given in one shot at what age? 12 months
Varicella is first given at what age? 12 Months
Hepatitis A is first given at what age? 12 Months
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis are first given at what age? 6 Weeks
Influenza Vaccine is given at what age? 6 Months
When the infant begins to have teeth, use a small soft bristled brush with ? avoid using toothpaste during this age. plain water
Initiate fluoride supplementation at what age if the water in the infants residential area is not fluoridated 6 Months
Avoid or use sparingly foods with concentrated what? Sugars
Advise against using ? during the first year of life because some cases of infant botulism have been associated with it. Honey
An often fatal form of food poisoning caused by an endotoxin produced by the bacillus Clostridium botulinum Botulism
Molasses, corn syrup, and dried fruits such as raisins are associated with what? Dental caries
Give the last bottle _ bedtime, with proper cleansing of teeth _ putting child down to sleep. Before
The inexperience of infants with the environment and their immature motor skills leave them vulnerable to ? Falls and suffocation
? education has been the most widely used approach to educate parents in accident prevention. Anticipatory guidance
The ingestion of harmful or ? is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in children under the age of 5. Poisonous substances
Keep your hands on the infant at all times when crib rail is? down
Use and infant car safety seat restraint that has been ? approved. Federally
Always place an infant weighing less than ? or who is younger than 1 year of age in a rear facing seat in back of automobile. 20lbs/9kg
Leave no gaps between crib side and? Mattress
Place infants on their ? to sleep Back
there is an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome in infants placed in a ? position Side lying or prone
Do not prop a ? bottle
Never leave infant ? in or near water. unattended
In children younger than age one, the leading cause of fatal injury is ? Asphyxiation by aspiration of foreign materials into the respiratory tract
The age greatest at risk to Asphyxiation by aspiration of foreign materials into respiratory tract is? 6 months to a year
An infant ? weight by 6 months. doubles
Vision at birth is? 20/300
Vision by 12 months is? 20/100
What age do children begin to crawl? 9-10 months
growth rate of what age child is 18-22cm 1-6 months
growth rate of what age child is 14-18cm 6-12 months
Most infants are given solid foods at what age when they begin to need more iron in the diet and teeht being to errupt 4-6 Months
By what age can coarser texture food be offered due to an increase in teeth? 9 months
By what age are babies usually eating table food prepared by family? 12-15 Months
Most what age children who are able to sit in their highchairs begin to demonstrate the readiness to wean? 9-10 months
Sitting up and crawling 7-12 Months
At 1 year of age, the infant usually has ? teeth 8
Boys have more muscles than ? Girls
The newborn develops most in the ? Head and Neck area
Gross motor development of large muscles develops more quickly than? Fine
At _ months the infant can usually life the head and shoulders up 3 months
As development progresses, child is able to sit _ months of age. 6
Causes infants head to turn toward warm objects that touch the cheek Rooting reflex
Causes the infant to suck on objects placed in its mouth Sucking reflex
Causes food placed on the front portion of the tongue to be pushed out of the mouth. Protrusion reflex
What are the dominate 3 reflexs the first 3 months of life? Rooting, Sucking, Protrusion
Causes the infant to make stepping or dancing movement with feet. Occurs about 6 weeks. Step-dance-Reflex
Causes the infant to clench or grasp the hand or foot. Disappears at about 3 months in hand, 9-12 months in foot Grasp Relfex
Causes the infant to extend arms outward with the thumb and forefinger in a c shape and the other fingers extended in response to sudden movement. gone at 6 months Moro Reflex
Causes the infant to extend arms outward with hands clenched, response to loud noise, gone 6 months. Startle reflex
Causes the infant to attain the fencing positon with the arm on the side of infant is facing extended and other arm flexed toward heard, when infant on back, gone 7 months. Tonic neck reflex
Retina is fully developed at approx what age 4 months
Tears become noticeable around what age? 2-3 months
The apical rate is 110-? within the first year 150
blood pressure is usually 85/? 60
Respiratory rate should be between 30-? per min 60
Stabilizes at a a resp. rate of ? 30
Newborn can digest what 3 basic nutrients? Fats, Proteins, carbohydrates
Drooling beings between 2-? month 4
Newborns sleep about 20 hours per day having about ? naps 8
By ? weeks the naps become fewer but increase in length 6
Most infants are able to sleep thru the night by what age? 7 months
Ericksons first stage of life is? Trust Vs Mistrust
For the first 6 months the infant is ? social usually
Children learn by their? senses
By 10-12 months an infant will respond to their? Name
During first 6 months infant requires ? of protein 2.2gms/kg
After 6 months the infant needs ? protein 2.0gm/kg
Calorie intake for a infant is ? 120/kg
By end of first year calorie intake is ? 100/kg
Most common place for burn on infant Bathtub
Most common place to drown with infant Bathtub
2 forms of child abuse are/ physical and sexual
Created by: lonelystar884