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Terminolgy

Chapters 7 & 8

QuestionAnswer
Amphiarthrosis
Arthritis
Arthroscope
Arthroplasty
Acetylcholine
Actin
Antagonist
Bursitis
Bursa
Circumduction
Diaphysis
Diarthrosis
Endosteum
Epiphysis
Fontanel
Fascicle
Glycogen
Insertion
Joint
Lactic Acid
Motor Unit
Myalgia
Myoglobin
Myosin
Neuromuscular Junction
Neurotransmitter
Origin
Oxygen debt
Osteoblast
Osteoclast
Osteocyte
Osteon
Osteopenia
Osteoporosis
Periosteum
Prime Mover
Resorption
Skeleton
Synarthrosis
Spasm
Synapse
Synergist
Synovial
Tendon
Tonus
Dia- Through, between
Oss, Osse/o Bone, Bone tissue
Oste/o Bone, Bone tissue
-clast Break
Para- Near
Pariet/o wall
cost/o Rib
Supra- Above, Superior
Infra- Below, Inferior
Meta- Near, beyond
-penia Lack of
-malacia Softening
Arthr/o Joint, Articulation
Amphi- On both sides, around,double
Ab- Away from
Ad- Toward, added to
Circum- Around
my/o Muscle
sarc/o flesh
troph/o nutrition, nurture
vas/o vessel
iso- same, equal
ton/o tone, tension
metr/o measure
brachi/o arm
erg/o work
quadr/i four
a- absent, lack of
dys- disordered, difficult
sthen/o strength
-algia pain
Example of -algia Myalgia, is muscular pain
Example of sthen/o Myasthenia,gravis is characterized by muscular fatigue.
Example of dys- Dystrophy, muscular dystrophy is deterioration of muscles
Example of a- Atrophy, wasting of muscle as a result of disuse (lack of nourishment)
Example of quadr/i Quadriceps, muscle group consists of four muscles
Example of erg/o Synergists, muscles that work together
Example of brachi/o Brachii, biceps and triceps brachii are in the arm
Example of metro/o Isometric (contraction), muscle length remains the same but muscle tension increases
Example of ton/o Isotonic, (contraction), muscle tone remains the same, but the muscle shortens
Example of iso- Isotonic, (contraction), muscle length remains the same but muscle tension increase
Example of vas/o Vasodilation (widening), of the blood vessels in muscle tissue during exercise brings more blood inot the tissue
Example of troph/o Hypertrophy, muscles undergo, increase in size, under the effects of resistance training
Example of sarc/o Sarcomere, contracting subunit of skeletal muscle
Example of my/o Endomysium , deepest layer of connective tissue around muscle cells
Example of circum- Circumduction, movement around a joint in a circle
Example of ad- Adduction, movement toward the midline of the body
Example of ab- Abduction, movement away from the midline of the body
Example of Amphi- Amphiarthrosis, is a slightly moveable joint
Example of Arthr/o Synarthrosis, and immoveable joint, such as a suture
Example of -Malacia Osteomalacia, a softening of bone tissue
Example of -penia Osteopenia, lack of bone density
Example of meta- Metacarpal, bones of the palm are near and distal to the carpal bones of the wrist.
Example of infra- Infraspinous, foss is a depression inferior to the spine of the scapula
Example of supra- Supraspinous, foss is a depression superior to the spine of the scapula
Example of cost/o Intercostal, spaces are located between the ribs
Example of pariet/o Parietal, bones form the side walls of the skull
Example of para- Paranasal, sinuses are near the nose
Example of -clast Osteoclast, breaks down bone in the process of resorption
Example of oste/o Periosteum, is the fibrous membrane around a bone.
Example of oss, osse/o Osseous, tissue is another name for bone tissue
Example of dia- Diaphysis, or shaft, of a long bone is between the two ends, or epiphyses
Created by: lonelystar884