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Metabolism,N& Body T

Chapter 20

QuestionAnswer
Metabolic building of simple compounds into more complex substances needed by the body Anabolism
Metabolic breakdown of substances inot simpler substances; includes the digestion of food and the oxidation of nutrient molecules for energy Catabolism
Abnormally high body temperature Fever
Simple sugar; main energy source for the cells ; dextrose Glucose
Compound built from glucose molecules that is stored for energy in liver and muscles Glycogen
Region of the brain that controls the pituitary and maintains homeostasis Hypothalamus
Abnormally low body temperature Hypothermia
Measure of the energy content of food technically, the amount of heat needed to raise 1 kg of water 1 centigrade Kilocalorie
State resulting from lack of food, lack of an essential dietary component, or faulty use of food in the diet Malnutrition
Rate at which energy is released from nutrients in the cells Metabolic Rate
Inorganic substance; in the diet, and element needed in small amounts for health Mineral
Chemical breakdown of nutrients for energy Oxidation
Substance that produces fever Pyrogen
Organic compound needed in small amounts for health Vitamin
Created by: lonelystar884