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308 Unit 2 Lung Dise

Aspiration Radiodense or radioaque outline EF: soft tissue technique for upper airway (-)
Atelectasis Radiodense lungs regions with shift of heart and trachea in servere cases EF: Increase
Bronchitis Hyperinflation and dominant lung markings of lower lungs EF: none
Bronchiectasis Radiodense lower lungs EF: none
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease COPD Depends on cause EF: changes only in severe cases
Cystic Fibrosis Increases radiodensities in specific lung regions EF: increase with severe conditions
Dyspnea (difficulty breathing) Depending on cause EF: dependent on cause
Emphysema Increased lung dimensions, barrel chest, flattened diaphragm, radiolucent lungs EF: Significantly decrease, dependent of severity
Epiglottitis Narrowing of upper airway at epiglottic region EF: soft tissue lateral technique (-)
Lung Neoplasm (Bengin- Hamartoma) Radiodensities with sharp outlines; mass may be calcified EF: none
Lung Neoplasm(Malignant) Slight shadows in early stages, larger defined radioqaque masses in advanced stages EF: none
Pleural effusion (Hydrothorax-in pleural cavity) Empyema-fluid in pus Hemothorax-fluid in blood increased radiodensity, air-fluid levels, possible mediastinal shifts EF: increase
Pleurisy Possible air-fluid levels, or none with dry pleurisy EF: none
Pneumonia (Aspiration, Bronchopneumonia, Lobar-pneumoococcal, Viral- interstitial Patchy infiltrate with increased radio density EF: none
Pneumothorax lungs seem displaced from chest wall, no lung markings EF: none
Pulmonary edea (fluid within lungs) increased diffuse radiodensity EF: increase in severe cases
Pulmonary emboli (sudden blockage of artery in lungs) rarely demonstrated on chest radiographs except for possible wedge shaped opacity (Hampton's hump) EF: none
Respiratory distress syndrome RDS or Hyaline Membrane Disease HMD in children Granular pattern of increased radiodensity throughout lungs, possible air-fluid levels EF: increase without obscuring pathology
Primary TB Small opaque spots throughout lungs; enlargement of hilar region in early stages EF: none
Reactivation (secondary) TB Regions of calcification with cavitations, frequently in area of upper lobes and apices with upward retraction of hila EF: none or slightly increased
Anthracosis- black lung (Occupational lung disease- pneumoconiosis) Small opaque spots throughout lungs EF: None
Asbestosis (Occupational lung disease-pneumoconiosis) Calcifications (radiodensities) involving the pleura EF: None
Silicosis (Occupational lung disease pneumoconiosis) (distinctive pattern of scarring and dense nodules EF: None
Created by: jasproles